Various methods are developed and used to treat oil-contaminated water, including mechanical separation, chemical treatment, biological treatment, membrane filtration, and sorption. Oil clean-up via selective sorption of the oil by an engineered surface is the most accepted technique due to its high removal efficiency and low cost. Here, a multifunctional surface providing highly selective oil sorption and clean-up capability via the photocatalytic decomposition is proposed. This novel surface is named as the “three-in-one (3-in-1) surface” since it is composed of 1) a highly photocatalytic layer, 2) micro- and nanostructures, and 3) a low surface energy layer. First, the TiO2 photocatalytic layer is prepared by magnetron sputtering. Then flowerlike Ag nanoplates are photocatalytically deposited on the sputtered TiO2 layer. Afterward, a low surface energy layer, poly-1,3,5-trivinyl-1,3,5-trimethylcyclotrisiloxane (p-V3D3), is over-coated on Ag/TiO2 surface by initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD) while retaining the topographical features of the surface (micro- and nanoscale surface structures). The p-V3D3/Ag/TiO2 surface demonstrates a high selective adsorption to oil whereas simultaneously it shows extreme repellency to water. The p-V3D3/Ag/TiO2 surface can also be photocatalytically cleaned up and this may find applications in various technology fields including water treatment, microfluidics, self-cleaning, and water harvesting.
|Tidsskrift||Advanced Materials Interfaces|
|Status||Udgivet - 13. maj 2022|
Bibliografisk noteFunding Information:
J.S. and S.V. contributed equally to this work. J.S. wishes to thank DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst) and PTDF (Petroleum Technology Development Fund) for providing funding for his doctoral studies. The authors thank NanoBMT Co. Ltd. for wetting analysis of prepared surfaces.
© 2022 The Authors. Advanced Materials Interfaces published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.