Seafarers' mental health status and life satisfaction: Structural equation model

Fereshteh Baygi, Andrew Smith, Nami Mohammadian Khonsari, Fatemeh Mohammadi-Nasrabadi, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Armita Mahdavi-Gorabi, Mostafa Qorbani*

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Abstract

Background: A variety of factors influence seafarers' health. Such factors might affect their satisfaction with life.
Aims: To examine the relationships between seafarers' mental health status and satisfaction with life by using a structural equation method.
Methods: In this survey, 470 seafarers were selected via convenience sampling method from two shipping companies. Validated questionnaires including Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), generalized anxiety disorder-7 (GAD-7), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder-8 (PTSD-8), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), Perceived Health status and Depression-Anxiety-Stress scale-21 (DASS-21) were used to assess different aspects of well-being and life satisfaction. The stratified path analysis method was applied to analyze the data.

Results: 439 seafarers (200 officers and 237 non-officers) with a mean age of 34.5 (SD: 8.05) participated in the current study. The GHQ score directly affected satisfaction with life in both officers (β = 0.35) and non-officers (β = 0.40). Also, perceived health status directly and indirectly affected satisfaction with life among officers (β = 0.19) and non-officers (β = 0.06). While officers working days per month indirectly impacted satisfaction with life through the general anxiety disorder, perceived health status, depression, anxiety, stress and current mental health. In non-officers, generalized anxiety disorder had the most potent indirect effects on satisfaction with life through perceived health status and current mental health.
Conclusion: Perceived health status, directly and indirectly, affected seafarers' satisfaction with life. Measures should be taken in order to improve seafarers' perceived health status and its effects on satisfaction with life.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer969231
TidsskriftFrontiers in Public Health
Vol/bind10
Antal sider8
ISSN2296-2565
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 30. nov. 2022

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