Safety of Timothy Grass Sublingual Immunotherapy Tablet in Children: Pooled Analyses of Clinical Trials

Susanne Halken, Graham Roberts, Erkka Valovirta, Hendrik Nolte, Veronica Hulstrøm, Michael S Blaiss

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

BACKGROUND: Timothy grass sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) tablets are indicated for children with allergic rhinitis with or without conjunctivitis.

OBJECTIVE: To use pooled analyses to assess the short- and long-term tolerability and safety of timothy grass SLIT-tablet in children.

METHODS: Data from 9 double-blinded, randomized European or North American trials that included children with allergic rhinitis with or without conjunctivitis treated up to 3 years with once-daily timothy grass SLIT-tablet or placebo were pooled.

RESULTS: In all, 1818 (timothy grass SLIT-tablet, n = 923; placebo, n = 895) subjects were included in the analysis. The frequency of treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) was 86% in the SLIT-tablet group and 83% in the placebo group, and the frequency of treatment-related AEs (TRAEs) was 59% and 23%, respectively. Most (98%) TRAEs were mild to moderate in severity. The 2 most common TRAEs with SLIT-tablet were oral pruritus (33%) and throat irritation (19%), which had a median onset of 1 day and recurrence of 14.5 and 5 days, respectively. In all, 8% of subjects in the SLIT-tablet group and 2% in the placebo group discontinued because of AEs. There were 7 serious AEs assessed as related to SLIT-tablet, 1 systemic allergic reaction (severe with a drop in blood pressure), 3 epinephrine administrations, no eosinophilic esophagitis events, and no serious airway obstructions. The safety profile was similar in subjects across geographic regions and with and without asthma.

CONCLUSIONS: Pooled data indicate that short- and long-term timothy grass SLIT-tablet is well tolerated in children, regardless of geographic region. AEs were generally local, mild, and transient allergic reactions.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Vol/bind8
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1387-1393.e2
ISSN2213-2198
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2020

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Copyright © 2020 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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