Risk of self-harm and nonfatal suicide attempts, and completed suicide in patients with psoriasis: a population-based cohort study

A Egeberg, P. R. Hansen, G. H. Gislason, L Skov, L Mallbris

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

    Abstrakt

    Background: Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease, and inflammation may affect suicidal behaviour. Current data on the incidence and risk of suicidal behaviour in patients with psoriasis are scarce. Objectives: We investigated the association between psoriasis and the risk of self-harm and suicide attempts and suicides. Methods: All Danish patients aged ≥ 18 years with mild or severe psoriasis (cases) from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 2011 were matched on age, sex and calendar time 1 : 5 with healthy controls. The outcome was a diagnosis of self-harm or a nonfatal suicide attempt, or completed suicide. Incidence rates per 10 000 person-years were calculated, and incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by Poisson regression models. Results: The study cohort comprised 408 663 individuals, including 57 502 and 11 009 patients with mild and severe psoriasis, respectively. In total 280 cases of self-harm or suicide attempts, and 574 suicides occurred during follow-up. There was no increased risk of self-harm or suicide attempts in patients with mild psoriasis (IRR 1·01, 95% CI 0·17–2·01), but this risk was significantly increased in severe psoriasis (IRR 1·69, 95% CI 1·00–2·84). There was no increased risk of suicides in mild (IRR 1·05, 95% CI 0·84–1·32) or severe psoriasis (IRR 0·78, 95% CI 0·45–1·36). Similar results were found when suicides were confirmed by official forensic investigations, and when psoriasis was compared with atopic dermatitis. Conclusions: We found limited evidence to suggest an increased risk of self-harm and nonfatal suicide attempts in patients with psoriasis. Importantly, after adjustment for psoriatic arthritis this risk was no longer significantly increased. The risk of completed suicide was also not increased, regardless of psoriasis severity. © 2016 British Association of Dermatologists
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftBritish Journal of Dermatology
    Vol/bind175
    Udgave nummer3
    Sider (fra-til)493-500
    ISSN0007-0963
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2016

    Bibliografisk note

    Cited By :2 Export Date: 22 March 2017 CODEN: BJDEA

    Citationsformater