Resource allocation as a driver of senescence: life history tradeoffs produce age patterns of mortality

Raziel Davison, Carol L Boggs, Annette Baudisch

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Abstrakt

We investigate the effects of optimal time and resource allocation on age patterns of fertility and mortality for a model organism with (1) fixed maximum lifespan, (2) distinct juvenile and adult diets, and (3) reliance on nonrenewable resources for reproduction. We ask when it is optimal to tolerate starvation vs. conserve resources and then examine the effects of these decisions on adult mortality rates. We find that (1) age-related changes in tradeoffs partition the life cycle into as many as four discrete phases with different optimal behavior and mortality patterns, and (2) given a cost of reproduction, terminal investment can produce a signal of actuarial senescence. Also, given limitations imposed by non-replenishable resources, individuals beginning adult life with more replenishable resources do not necessarily live longer, since they can engage in capital breeding and need not defer reproduction to forage; low reproductive overheads and low costs of starvation also encourage capital breeding and may lead to earlier terminal investment and earlier senescence. We conclude that, even for species with qualitatively similar life histories, differences in physiological, behavioral and environmental tradeoffs or constraints may strongly influence optimal allocation schedules and produce variation in mortality patterns and life expectancy.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Theoretical Biology
Vol/bind360
Sider (fra-til)251-262
ISSN0022-5193
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 7. nov. 2014
Udgivet eksterntJa

Emneord

  • Age Factors
  • Aging
  • Computer Simulation
  • Diet
  • Fertility
  • Life Cycle Stages
  • Models, Biological
  • Mortality
  • Resource Allocation
  • Species Specificity

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