Renal cortical and medullary blood flow responses to altered NO-availability in humans

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Abstrakt

The objective was to quantify regional renal blood flow in humans. In nine young volunteers on a controlled diet, the lower abdomen was CT-scanned and regional renal blood flow determined by positron emission tomography (PET) scanning using H(2)(15)O as tracer. Measurements were performed at baseline, during constant intravenous infusion of nitric oxide (NO) donor (glyceryl nitrate), and after intravenous injection of NO synthase inhibitor (L-NMMA). Using the CT-image, the kidney pole areas were delineated as volumes of interest (VOI). In the data analysis, tissue layers with a thickness of one voxel were eliminated stepwise from the external surface of the VOI ('voxel peeling'), and the blood flow subsequently determined in each new, reduced VOI. Blood flow in the shrinking volumes of interest (VOIs) decreased as the number of cycles of voxel peeling increased. After 4-5 cycles, blood flow was not reduced further by additional voxel peeling. This volume-insensitive flow was measured to be 2.30 ±0.17 ml·(g·min)(-1) during the control period; it increased during infusion of glyceryl nitrate to 2.97 ±0.18 ml·(g·min)(-1) (p
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Vol/bind299
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1449-1455
ISSN0363-6119
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 29. sep. 2010

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