Neonatal screening of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is of major importance due to the significant morbidity and mortality in undiagnosed patients. MCADD screening has been performed routinely in Galicia since July 2000, and until now 199,943 newborns have been screened. We identified 11 cases of MCADD, which gives an incidence of 1/18,134. During this period, no false negative screens have been detected. At diagnosis, all identified newborns were asymptomatic. Our data showed that octanoylcarnitine (C8) and C8/C10 ratio are the best markers for screening of MCADD. C8 was increased in all patients and C8/C10 was increased in all but one patient.The common mutation, c.985A > G, was found in homozygosity in seven newborns and in compound heterozygosity in three, while one patient did not carry the common mutation at all. In addition, two novel mutations c.245G > C (p.W82S) and c.542A > G (p.D181G) were identified. Ten of the 11 identified newborns did not experience any episodes of decompensation. The patient with the highest level of medium chain acylcarnitines at diagnosis, who was homozygous for the c.985A > G mutation, died at the age of 2 years due to a severe infection.This is the first report of the results from neonatal screening for MCADD in Spain. Our data provide further evidence of the benefits of MCADD screening and contribute to better understanding of this disease.