Relative deprivation in the Nordic countries-child mental health problems in relation to parental financial stress

Hrafnhildur Gunnarsdóttir, Gunnel Hensing, Lene Povlsen, Max Petzold

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

BACKGROUND: The Nordic welfare system has been acknowledged as favourable for children, successfully contributing to low child mortality and poverty rates. Nevertheless, mental health problems among children and adolescents are common and the economic situation of the family has been highlighted as an important determinant. In spite of similar social, political and cultural structures, the Nordic countries differ; Iceland was most affected by the global financial crisis in 2008. The aim of this study was to examine potential differences in parental financial stress and the associations to child mental health between the Nordic countries as well as age and gender differences. 

METHODS:  The study sample consisted of 6330 children aged 4-16 years old included in the 2011 version of the Nordic Study of Children's Health, Wellbeing and Quality of life. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used to measure mental health problems. 

RESULTS:  In Iceland, 47.7% of the parents reported financial stress while ≤20% did so in the other countries except for Finland (33.5%). However, in case of parental financial stress the OR of mental health problems comparing children to parents with and without financial stress was significantly lower among the Icelandic children (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.15-2.24) than among the others: Denmark OR 3.07 (95% CI 2.15-4.39), Finland OR 2.28 (95% CI 1.60-3.25), Norway OR 2.77 (95% CI 1.86-4.12), Sweden OR 3.31(95% CI 2.26-4.86). No significant age or gender differences in the ORs were observed. 

CONCLUSIONS:  Besides socioeconomic situation, relative deprivation should be considered an important determinant of child mental health.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Public Health
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)277-282
ISSN1101-1262
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

Fingeraftryk

Scandinavian and Nordic Countries
Mental Health
Iceland
Finland
Parents
Child Mortality
Denmark
Norway
Quality of Life
Child Health

Citer dette

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title = "Relative deprivation in the Nordic countries-child mental health problems in relation to parental financial stress",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The Nordic welfare system has been acknowledged as favourable for children, successfully contributing to low child mortality and poverty rates. Nevertheless, mental health problems among children and adolescents are common and the economic situation of the family has been highlighted as an important determinant. In spite of similar social, political and cultural structures, the Nordic countries differ; Iceland was most affected by the global financial crisis in 2008. The aim of this study was to examine potential differences in parental financial stress and the associations to child mental health between the Nordic countries as well as age and gender differences. METHODS:  The study sample consisted of 6330 children aged 4-16 years old included in the 2011 version of the Nordic Study of Children's Health, Wellbeing and Quality of life. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used to measure mental health problems. RESULTS:  In Iceland, 47.7{\%} of the parents reported financial stress while ≤20{\%} did so in the other countries except for Finland (33.5{\%}). However, in case of parental financial stress the OR of mental health problems comparing children to parents with and without financial stress was significantly lower among the Icelandic children (OR 1.60, 95{\%} CI 1.15-2.24) than among the others: Denmark OR 3.07 (95{\%} CI 2.15-4.39), Finland OR 2.28 (95{\%} CI 1.60-3.25), Norway OR 2.77 (95{\%} CI 1.86-4.12), Sweden OR 3.31(95{\%} CI 2.26-4.86). No significant age or gender differences in the ORs were observed. CONCLUSIONS:  Besides socioeconomic situation, relative deprivation should be considered an important determinant of child mental health.",
author = "Hrafnhildur Gunnarsd{\'o}ttir and Gunnel Hensing and Lene Povlsen and Max Petzold",
note = "{\circledC} The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.",
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Relative deprivation in the Nordic countries-child mental health problems in relation to parental financial stress. / Gunnarsdóttir, Hrafnhildur; Hensing, Gunnel; Povlsen, Lene; Petzold, Max.

I: European Journal of Public Health, Bind 26, Nr. 2, 2016, s. 277-282.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relative deprivation in the Nordic countries-child mental health problems in relation to parental financial stress

AU - Gunnarsdóttir, Hrafnhildur

AU - Hensing, Gunnel

AU - Povlsen, Lene

AU - Petzold, Max

N1 - © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - BACKGROUND: The Nordic welfare system has been acknowledged as favourable for children, successfully contributing to low child mortality and poverty rates. Nevertheless, mental health problems among children and adolescents are common and the economic situation of the family has been highlighted as an important determinant. In spite of similar social, political and cultural structures, the Nordic countries differ; Iceland was most affected by the global financial crisis in 2008. The aim of this study was to examine potential differences in parental financial stress and the associations to child mental health between the Nordic countries as well as age and gender differences. METHODS:  The study sample consisted of 6330 children aged 4-16 years old included in the 2011 version of the Nordic Study of Children's Health, Wellbeing and Quality of life. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used to measure mental health problems. RESULTS:  In Iceland, 47.7% of the parents reported financial stress while ≤20% did so in the other countries except for Finland (33.5%). However, in case of parental financial stress the OR of mental health problems comparing children to parents with and without financial stress was significantly lower among the Icelandic children (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.15-2.24) than among the others: Denmark OR 3.07 (95% CI 2.15-4.39), Finland OR 2.28 (95% CI 1.60-3.25), Norway OR 2.77 (95% CI 1.86-4.12), Sweden OR 3.31(95% CI 2.26-4.86). No significant age or gender differences in the ORs were observed. CONCLUSIONS:  Besides socioeconomic situation, relative deprivation should be considered an important determinant of child mental health.

AB - BACKGROUND: The Nordic welfare system has been acknowledged as favourable for children, successfully contributing to low child mortality and poverty rates. Nevertheless, mental health problems among children and adolescents are common and the economic situation of the family has been highlighted as an important determinant. In spite of similar social, political and cultural structures, the Nordic countries differ; Iceland was most affected by the global financial crisis in 2008. The aim of this study was to examine potential differences in parental financial stress and the associations to child mental health between the Nordic countries as well as age and gender differences. METHODS:  The study sample consisted of 6330 children aged 4-16 years old included in the 2011 version of the Nordic Study of Children's Health, Wellbeing and Quality of life. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used to measure mental health problems. RESULTS:  In Iceland, 47.7% of the parents reported financial stress while ≤20% did so in the other countries except for Finland (33.5%). However, in case of parental financial stress the OR of mental health problems comparing children to parents with and without financial stress was significantly lower among the Icelandic children (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.15-2.24) than among the others: Denmark OR 3.07 (95% CI 2.15-4.39), Finland OR 2.28 (95% CI 1.60-3.25), Norway OR 2.77 (95% CI 1.86-4.12), Sweden OR 3.31(95% CI 2.26-4.86). No significant age or gender differences in the ORs were observed. CONCLUSIONS:  Besides socioeconomic situation, relative deprivation should be considered an important determinant of child mental health.

U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/ckv191

DO - 10.1093/eurpub/ckv191

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26490511

VL - 26

SP - 277

EP - 282

JO - European Journal of Public Health

JF - European Journal of Public Health

SN - 1101-1262

IS - 2

ER -