Relating the annihilation number and the 2-domination number of a tree

Wyatt J. Desormeaux*, Michael A. Henning, Douglas F. Rall, Anders Yeo

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Abstrakt

A set S of vertices in a graph G is a 2-dominating set if every vertex of G not in S is adjacent to at least two vertices in S. The 2-domination number γ2(G) is the minimum cardinality of a 2-dominating set in G. The annihilation number a(G) is the largest integer k such that the sum of the first k terms of the nondecreasing degree sequence of G is at most the number of edges in G. The conjecture-generating computer program, Graffiti.pc, conjectured that γ2(G)≤a(G)+1 holds for every connected graph G. It is known that this conjecture is true when the minimum degree is at least 3. The conjecture remains unresolved for minimum degree 1 or 2. In this paper, we prove that the conjecture is indeed true when G is a tree, and we characterize the trees that achieve equality in the bound. It is known that if T is a tree on n vertices with n1 vertices of degree 1, then γ2(T)≤(n+n1)/2. As a consequence of our characterization, we also characterize trees T that achieve equality in this bound.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiscrete Mathematics
Vol/bind319
Sider (fra-til)15-23
ISSN0012-365X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2014
Udgivet eksterntJa

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