Rehabilitation for obese patients: A role for occupational therapists? A role for occupational therapists?

Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen, Ann Bæk Jensen, Anette Enemark Larsen, Pia Maria Ilvig, Kim Lee, Christina Jessen-Winge

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Background
Globally, over 1.9 billion adults are overweight and 650 million are obese. Obesity has been labelled “the
greatest public health challenge of the 21st century”, and has been acknowledged as a chronic disease by
the World Health Organization. In Denmark, the responsibility for the treatment of chronic diseases is held
by the municipalities. The increasing focus on obesity as a significant public health threat is because obesity
is consistently linked to serious health conditions such as diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders, heart
diseases, and cancer. Furthermore, obesity have significant implications for occupational performance and
participation in everyday life as obese individuals may have difficulty physically participating in valued and
necessary everyday occupations. In a study exploring the experience of participation in daily occupations of
individuals with obesity, the participants describe that shopping for clothes, planning vacations and looking
for work were put on hold as they felt stigmatized or judged while in public because of their body habitus.
Thus, as obesity can cause serious limitations in everyday life functions, measures of rehabilitation involving
occupational therapy seems of great relevance in facing these challenges.
Purpose
The overall purpose with the present study is to develop an interdisciplinary rehabilitation to obese individuals led by occupational therapists that can be implemented in all Danish municipalities. The study is called Danish Obesity Intervention Trial – DO:IT.
Methods
The rehabilitation will be developed in accordance with Evidence Based Practice, Lifestyle Redesign and the occupational science framework ‘Doing, Being, Becoming and Belonging’. It will firstly target social norms, cultures and relations, participation in meaningful everyday activities and habit changes, and secondly target physical exercise and diet.
Perspectives
To entail fewer limitations in everyday life because of physical deficits or feelings of stigmatization and increase quality of life and a sustainable weight loss in obese patients.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato2021
StatusUdgivet - 2021
BegivenhedRehabilitation World Congress: Moving Societies - Aarhus, Danmark
Varighed: 7. sep. 20219. sep. 2021
Konferencens nummer: 24TH
https://www.riworldcongress2020.com/

Konference

KonferenceRehabilitation World Congress
Nummer24TH
Land/OmrådeDanmark
ByAarhus
Periode07/09/202109/09/2021
Internetadresse

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