Readmissions and mortality after outpatient vs inpatient unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in Denmark: A propensity score matched study of 5,384 procedures

Kristine B. Arndt*, Claus Varnum, Martin Lindberg-Larsen, Christian B. Jensen, Lasse E. Rasmussen

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

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Abstrakt

Background: Limited nationwide data on the development of outpatient unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) practice and patient safety exist. The primary objective of this study on patients receiving a medial or lateral UKA was to investigate 7-, 30- and 90-day readmission risk and 90-day mortality in outpatient vs inpatient surgeries. Secondary to investigate the nationwide development of outpatient UKA surgery in 2014–2018. Methods: Included patients received a medial or lateral UKA in the period January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2018 in any Danish hospital. Data were collected from the Danish National Patient Register. The cohort consisted of 1,059 outpatient and 4,325 inpatient surgeries, hereof 5,182 medial and 202 lateral UKA. After propensity score matching (1:1) 1,057 patients were included in each group. Results: We found a 7-day readmission risk of 1.5 % vs 1.4 % (p = 0.8), 30-day readmission risk of 2.6 % vs 3.2 % (p = 0.3), and 90-day readmission risk of 4.2 % vs 4.8 % (p = 0.4) after outpatient vs inpatient UKA. Similar results were found after matching. We found no significant differences in 90-day mortality for the unmatched or matched cohorts. The amount of outpatient UKA surgeries in Denmark increased from 86 in 2014 to 214 in 2018. Conclusion: Outpatient medial or lateral UKA seem to be as safe as inpatient UKA on a nationwide basis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftKnee
Vol/bind38
Sider (fra-til)50-55
ISSN0968-0160
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The study was supported by the Research Council at Lillebaelt Hospital.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

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