Prototyping in theory and in practice

A study of the similarities and differences between engineers and designers

Fei Yu, Alexander Brem, Michele Pasinell

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Prototyping can be seen as the heart of the innovation process. Typically, engineers and designers both work on prototyping activities, but their diverse backgrounds make for different perspectives on prototyping. Based on earlier literature, this study investigates commonalities and differences in the prototyping behavior of engineers and designers. For this study, semi-structured interviews and workshops with different experiments were conducted. Using low-fidelity prototypes, our results indicated that there are differences in the early phase of prototyping. Engineers focused on the features and functions of a prototype and needed to meet specific goals in order to push the process forward. Designers, on the other hand, used prototypes to investigate the design space for new possibilities, and were more open to a variety of prototyping materials and tools, especially for low-fidelity prototypes. In the later prototyping phases, the prototyping behaviors of engineers and designers became similar. Our study contributes to the understanding of prototyping purposes, activities, and processes across disciplines, and supports the management of prototyping in new product development processes.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCreativity and Innovation Management
Vol/bind27
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)121-132
ISSN0963-1690
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018

Fingeraftryk

Engineers
Product development
Innovation
Prototyping
Experiments
Prototype

Citer dette

@article{bfd787b895114785a4f806ec5140aeac,
title = "Prototyping in theory and in practice: A study of the similarities and differences between engineers and designers",
abstract = "Prototyping can be seen as the heart of the innovation process. Typically, engineers and designers both work on prototyping activities, but their diverse backgrounds make for different perspectives on prototyping. Based on earlier literature, this study investigates commonalities and differences in the prototyping behavior of engineers and designers. For this study, semi-structured interviews and workshops with different experiments were conducted. Using low-fidelity prototypes, our results indicated that there are differences in the early phase of prototyping. Engineers focused on the features and functions of a prototype and needed to meet specific goals in order to push the process forward. Designers, on the other hand, used prototypes to investigate the design space for new possibilities, and were more open to a variety of prototyping materials and tools, especially for low-fidelity prototypes. In the later prototyping phases, the prototyping behaviors of engineers and designers became similar. Our study contributes to the understanding of prototyping purposes, activities, and processes across disciplines, and supports the management of prototyping in new product development processes.",
author = "Fei Yu and Alexander Brem and Michele Pasinell",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1111/caim.12242",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "121--132",
journal = "Creativity and Innovation Management",
issn = "0963-1690",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

Prototyping in theory and in practice : A study of the similarities and differences between engineers and designers. / Yu, Fei; Brem, Alexander; Pasinell, Michele.

I: Creativity and Innovation Management, Bind 27, Nr. 2, 2018, s. 121-132.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prototyping in theory and in practice

T2 - A study of the similarities and differences between engineers and designers

AU - Yu, Fei

AU - Brem, Alexander

AU - Pasinell, Michele

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Prototyping can be seen as the heart of the innovation process. Typically, engineers and designers both work on prototyping activities, but their diverse backgrounds make for different perspectives on prototyping. Based on earlier literature, this study investigates commonalities and differences in the prototyping behavior of engineers and designers. For this study, semi-structured interviews and workshops with different experiments were conducted. Using low-fidelity prototypes, our results indicated that there are differences in the early phase of prototyping. Engineers focused on the features and functions of a prototype and needed to meet specific goals in order to push the process forward. Designers, on the other hand, used prototypes to investigate the design space for new possibilities, and were more open to a variety of prototyping materials and tools, especially for low-fidelity prototypes. In the later prototyping phases, the prototyping behaviors of engineers and designers became similar. Our study contributes to the understanding of prototyping purposes, activities, and processes across disciplines, and supports the management of prototyping in new product development processes.

AB - Prototyping can be seen as the heart of the innovation process. Typically, engineers and designers both work on prototyping activities, but their diverse backgrounds make for different perspectives on prototyping. Based on earlier literature, this study investigates commonalities and differences in the prototyping behavior of engineers and designers. For this study, semi-structured interviews and workshops with different experiments were conducted. Using low-fidelity prototypes, our results indicated that there are differences in the early phase of prototyping. Engineers focused on the features and functions of a prototype and needed to meet specific goals in order to push the process forward. Designers, on the other hand, used prototypes to investigate the design space for new possibilities, and were more open to a variety of prototyping materials and tools, especially for low-fidelity prototypes. In the later prototyping phases, the prototyping behaviors of engineers and designers became similar. Our study contributes to the understanding of prototyping purposes, activities, and processes across disciplines, and supports the management of prototyping in new product development processes.

U2 - 10.1111/caim.12242

DO - 10.1111/caim.12242

M3 - Journal article

VL - 27

SP - 121

EP - 132

JO - Creativity and Innovation Management

JF - Creativity and Innovation Management

SN - 0963-1690

IS - 2

ER -