Protein-based supplementation to enhance recovery in team sports

What is the evidence?

Athanasios Poulios, Kalliopi Georgakouli, Dimitrios Draganidis, Chariklia K. Deli, Panagiotis D. Tsimeas, Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Konstantinos Papanikolaou, Alexios Batrakoulis, Magni Mohr, Athanasios Z. Jamurtas*, Ioannis G. Fatouros

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

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Resumé

Protein supplementation is a major nutritional practice among professional and amateur team-sport athletes representing a market of $5 billion in the USA alone. This practice, however, may not be supported by evidence-based science. Our objective as to present a thorough review of literature investigating the effects of protein supplementation on performance recovery and exercise-induced muscle damage following team-sport activity. PubMed-derived, full English language articles investigating the effects of protein-based supplementation/feeding on skeletal muscle performance, muscle damage and inflammatory status during recovery following team-sport activity were included. Studies investigated professional or amateur team-sport athletes participating in regular training and competition as well as examining the impact of protein supplementation on performance, muscle damage/soreness and inflammatory markers after team-sport activity. Finally, ten articles (150 participants) met the inclusion criteria. Experimental designs were evaluated for confounders. All protocols employing team-sport activity increased systemic muscle damage indicators and inflammatory markers and deteriorated performance during recovery. Protein-based supplementation attenuated the rise in muscle damage markers and enhanced performance recovery in six (60% of the studies included) and three (30% of the studies included) out of 10 studies, respectively. In contrast, immunity and muscle soreness remained unaffected by protein ingestion, independent of dosage and distribution pattern. In conclusion, there are limited and inconsistent data showing that protein supplementation may enhance performance recovery following team-sport activity despite an attenuation of indirect markers of muscle damage. Interpretation of results is limited by small sample sizes, high variability in tested supplements, participants’ training level, length of recovery periods, absence of direct measurement of myofibrillar disruption, protein turnover and protein metabolism, and lack of dietary monitoring during experimentation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)523-536
ISSN1303-2968
StatusUdgivet - 1. aug. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Muscles
Proteins
Athletes
Professional Practice
Myalgia
PubMed
Sample Size
Skeletal Muscle
Research Design
Language
Exercise

Citer dette

Poulios, A., Georgakouli, K., Draganidis, D., Deli, C. K., Tsimeas, P. D., Chatzinikolaou, A., ... Fatouros, I. G. (2019). Protein-based supplementation to enhance recovery in team sports: What is the evidence? Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 18(3), 523-536.
Poulios, Athanasios ; Georgakouli, Kalliopi ; Draganidis, Dimitrios ; Deli, Chariklia K. ; Tsimeas, Panagiotis D. ; Chatzinikolaou, Athanasios ; Papanikolaou, Konstantinos ; Batrakoulis, Alexios ; Mohr, Magni ; Jamurtas, Athanasios Z. ; Fatouros, Ioannis G. / Protein-based supplementation to enhance recovery in team sports : What is the evidence?. I: Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2019 ; Bind 18, Nr. 3. s. 523-536.
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title = "Protein-based supplementation to enhance recovery in team sports: What is the evidence?",
abstract = "Protein supplementation is a major nutritional practice among professional and amateur team-sport athletes representing a market of $5 billion in the USA alone. This practice, however, may not be supported by evidence-based science. Our objective as to present a thorough review of literature investigating the effects of protein supplementation on performance recovery and exercise-induced muscle damage following team-sport activity. PubMed-derived, full English language articles investigating the effects of protein-based supplementation/feeding on skeletal muscle performance, muscle damage and inflammatory status during recovery following team-sport activity were included. Studies investigated professional or amateur team-sport athletes participating in regular training and competition as well as examining the impact of protein supplementation on performance, muscle damage/soreness and inflammatory markers after team-sport activity. Finally, ten articles (150 participants) met the inclusion criteria. Experimental designs were evaluated for confounders. All protocols employing team-sport activity increased systemic muscle damage indicators and inflammatory markers and deteriorated performance during recovery. Protein-based supplementation attenuated the rise in muscle damage markers and enhanced performance recovery in six (60{\%} of the studies included) and three (30{\%} of the studies included) out of 10 studies, respectively. In contrast, immunity and muscle soreness remained unaffected by protein ingestion, independent of dosage and distribution pattern. In conclusion, there are limited and inconsistent data showing that protein supplementation may enhance performance recovery following team-sport activity despite an attenuation of indirect markers of muscle damage. Interpretation of results is limited by small sample sizes, high variability in tested supplements, participants’ training level, length of recovery periods, absence of direct measurement of myofibrillar disruption, protein turnover and protein metabolism, and lack of dietary monitoring during experimentation.",
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author = "Athanasios Poulios and Kalliopi Georgakouli and Dimitrios Draganidis and Deli, {Chariklia K.} and Tsimeas, {Panagiotis D.} and Athanasios Chatzinikolaou and Konstantinos Papanikolaou and Alexios Batrakoulis and Magni Mohr and Jamurtas, {Athanasios Z.} and Fatouros, {Ioannis G.}",
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Poulios, A, Georgakouli, K, Draganidis, D, Deli, CK, Tsimeas, PD, Chatzinikolaou, A, Papanikolaou, K, Batrakoulis, A, Mohr, M, Jamurtas, AZ & Fatouros, IG 2019, 'Protein-based supplementation to enhance recovery in team sports: What is the evidence?', Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, bind 18, nr. 3, s. 523-536.

Protein-based supplementation to enhance recovery in team sports : What is the evidence? / Poulios, Athanasios; Georgakouli, Kalliopi; Draganidis, Dimitrios; Deli, Chariklia K.; Tsimeas, Panagiotis D.; Chatzinikolaou, Athanasios; Papanikolaou, Konstantinos; Batrakoulis, Alexios; Mohr, Magni; Jamurtas, Athanasios Z.; Fatouros, Ioannis G.

I: Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Bind 18, Nr. 3, 01.08.2019, s. 523-536.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Protein-based supplementation to enhance recovery in team sports

T2 - What is the evidence?

AU - Poulios, Athanasios

AU - Georgakouli, Kalliopi

AU - Draganidis, Dimitrios

AU - Deli, Chariklia K.

AU - Tsimeas, Panagiotis D.

AU - Chatzinikolaou, Athanasios

AU - Papanikolaou, Konstantinos

AU - Batrakoulis, Alexios

AU - Mohr, Magni

AU - Jamurtas, Athanasios Z.

AU - Fatouros, Ioannis G.

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Protein supplementation is a major nutritional practice among professional and amateur team-sport athletes representing a market of $5 billion in the USA alone. This practice, however, may not be supported by evidence-based science. Our objective as to present a thorough review of literature investigating the effects of protein supplementation on performance recovery and exercise-induced muscle damage following team-sport activity. PubMed-derived, full English language articles investigating the effects of protein-based supplementation/feeding on skeletal muscle performance, muscle damage and inflammatory status during recovery following team-sport activity were included. Studies investigated professional or amateur team-sport athletes participating in regular training and competition as well as examining the impact of protein supplementation on performance, muscle damage/soreness and inflammatory markers after team-sport activity. Finally, ten articles (150 participants) met the inclusion criteria. Experimental designs were evaluated for confounders. All protocols employing team-sport activity increased systemic muscle damage indicators and inflammatory markers and deteriorated performance during recovery. Protein-based supplementation attenuated the rise in muscle damage markers and enhanced performance recovery in six (60% of the studies included) and three (30% of the studies included) out of 10 studies, respectively. In contrast, immunity and muscle soreness remained unaffected by protein ingestion, independent of dosage and distribution pattern. In conclusion, there are limited and inconsistent data showing that protein supplementation may enhance performance recovery following team-sport activity despite an attenuation of indirect markers of muscle damage. Interpretation of results is limited by small sample sizes, high variability in tested supplements, participants’ training level, length of recovery periods, absence of direct measurement of myofibrillar disruption, protein turnover and protein metabolism, and lack of dietary monitoring during experimentation.

AB - Protein supplementation is a major nutritional practice among professional and amateur team-sport athletes representing a market of $5 billion in the USA alone. This practice, however, may not be supported by evidence-based science. Our objective as to present a thorough review of literature investigating the effects of protein supplementation on performance recovery and exercise-induced muscle damage following team-sport activity. PubMed-derived, full English language articles investigating the effects of protein-based supplementation/feeding on skeletal muscle performance, muscle damage and inflammatory status during recovery following team-sport activity were included. Studies investigated professional or amateur team-sport athletes participating in regular training and competition as well as examining the impact of protein supplementation on performance, muscle damage/soreness and inflammatory markers after team-sport activity. Finally, ten articles (150 participants) met the inclusion criteria. Experimental designs were evaluated for confounders. All protocols employing team-sport activity increased systemic muscle damage indicators and inflammatory markers and deteriorated performance during recovery. Protein-based supplementation attenuated the rise in muscle damage markers and enhanced performance recovery in six (60% of the studies included) and three (30% of the studies included) out of 10 studies, respectively. In contrast, immunity and muscle soreness remained unaffected by protein ingestion, independent of dosage and distribution pattern. In conclusion, there are limited and inconsistent data showing that protein supplementation may enhance performance recovery following team-sport activity despite an attenuation of indirect markers of muscle damage. Interpretation of results is limited by small sample sizes, high variability in tested supplements, participants’ training level, length of recovery periods, absence of direct measurement of myofibrillar disruption, protein turnover and protein metabolism, and lack of dietary monitoring during experimentation.

KW - Amino acids

KW - Anabolism

KW - Exercise performance

KW - Muscle damage

KW - Nutrition

KW - Supplementation

M3 - Review

VL - 18

SP - 523

EP - 536

JO - Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

JF - Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

SN - 1303-2968

IS - 3

ER -

Poulios A, Georgakouli K, Draganidis D, Deli CK, Tsimeas PD, Chatzinikolaou A et al. Protein-based supplementation to enhance recovery in team sports: What is the evidence? Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2019 aug 1;18(3):523-536.