Despite extensive preclinical and clinical investigations, a clinically relevant neuroprotective agent against oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy, which affects the quality of life following chemotherapy, has not been identified. Epidemiological data suggest that ibuprofen may reduce the risk of neuropathy. Male rats were treated with oxaliplatin (n = 6), oxaliplatin and ibuprofen (n = 5) or vehicle (n = 5) every second day for 15 days. Neuropathy was evaluated using mechanical detection thresholds (MDT) at the hind paw and sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) in the tail nerve at baseline, right after and 3 weeks after the end of treatment. Intraepidermal nerve fibre density (IENFD) was evaluated in the hind paw and inflammation in the dorsal root ganglia 3 weeks after treatment. Inflammation in the dorsal root ganglia was assessed using quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qPCR) of the mRNA levels for the pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α and IL-1β, and by immunohistochemical staining for Iba1+ macrophages. SNCV was reduced in rats treated with oxaliplatin and with oxaliplatin and ibuprofen compared to control rats 3 weeks after treatment. No differences were found for MDT 3 weeks after treatment. IENFD was reduced in rats treated with oxaliplatin. There was a trend towards up-regulation of TNF-α mRNA levels in rats treated with oxaliplatin and with oxaliplatin and ibuprofen. Morphological changes of Iba1+ macrophages suggested activation, but no differences were found in area fraction or size of macrophage cell bodies. The results did not support a neuroprotective effect of ibuprofen but indicated that inflammation may play a role in oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy.
|Tidsskrift||Experimental Brain Research|
|Status||Udgivet - okt. 2019|