Introduction: Viremia after renal transplantation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality and treatment opportunities are limited. Tests to determine the increased risk for viremia would be preferable. Methods: In a prospective, single-center study, we conducted follow-up of 163 renal transplant recipients after incident living donor renal transplantation. We determined a long non-coding RNA, β-1,4-mannosylglycoprotein 4-β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-antisense1 (MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratio), in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Viremia of BK polyomavirus and cytomegalovirus was diagnosed with more than 1000 plasma copies/ml within the first 3 postoperative months. The MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratio was assessed before viremia was determined. Results: Receiver operator characteristics curve analysis showed a median MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratio cutoff value of 4.45 × 10–6 to indicate viremia after transplantation. Samples for 11 of 66 renal transplant recipients (17%) with MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratios below 4.45 × 10–6 showed viremia of BK polyomavirus and cytomegalovirus compared with only 6 of 97 renal transplant recipients (6%) with higher MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratios (odds ratio [OR]: 3.03; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06–8.67 by Fisher exact test). Furthermore, samples for 6 of 66 renal transplant recipients (9%) with MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratios below 4.45 × 10–6 showed BK polyomavirus viremia compared with none of 97 renal transplant recipients (0%) with higher MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratios (OR: 20.95; 95% CI, 1.16–378.85 by Fisher exact test). Multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratios below the cutoff level remained significantly associated with viremia after transplant. Lower MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratios occurred with rituximab-containing induction therapy. Conclusions: A low MGAT3-AS1/beta-actin ratio indicates an increased risk for viremia of BK polyomavirus and cytomegalovirus in living donor renal transplant recipients.