Product recovery optimization in closed-loop supply chain to improve sustainability in manufacturing

Kannan Govindan*, P. C. Jha, Kiran Garg


Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


When business practices shift from a traditional open supply chain to a closed loop instead, the environmental and societal issues are efficiently integrated in business development. However, even an efficiently integrated shift introduces a number of trade-offs due to the contradictory goals that emerge from that business’s economical, environmental and social dimensions. In this paper, we propose a multi-objective mixed integer mathematical problem for a generic closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) network to rationalise how a system’s product recovery helps to improve manufacturing sustainability. The CLSC network proposed in this study consists of a hybrid manufacturing facility, warehouse, distribution centres, collection centres and a hybrid recovery facility (HRF). The proposed model determines the best location for the HRF and optimal flow of products, recovered parts and material in the network while it simultaneously maximises profit, saves activity costs, helps to decrease the harmful effects of the manufacturing process and makes a positive impact on societal development. To validate the model, a numerical illustration with the help of a case study from an electrical manufacturing industry is offered. The results authenticate the approach of the model towards the fulfilment of various environmental regulations. A sensitivity analysis, completed on demand, and the return rate also assists decision-makers to manage their decisions with a broader insight towards manufacturing sustainability.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Production Research
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1463-1486
StatusUdgivet - 2016


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  • Best Paper Award

    Govindan, Kannan (Modtager), 2018

    Pris: Priser, stipendier, udnævnelser