Probability and heritability estimates on primary osteoarthritis of the hip leading to total hip arthroplasty: a nationwide population based follow-up study in Danish twins

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

126 Downloads (Pure)

Resumé

INTRODUCTION: Primary hip osteoarthritis, radiographic as well as symptomatic, is highly associated with increasing age in both genders. However, little is known about the mechanisms behind this, in particular if this increase is caused by genetic factors. This study examined the risk and heritability of primary osteoarthritis of the hip leading to a total hip arthroplasty, and if this heritability increased with increasing age.

METHODS: In a nationwide population-based follow-up study 118,788 twins from the Danish Twin Register and 90,007 individuals from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register for the period 1995 to 2010 were examined. Our main outcomes were the cumulative incidence, proband-wise concordance and heritability on age, within-pair correlations in monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs, and the genetic and environmental influence estimated in models taking into account that individuals may not have had a total hip arthroplasty at the time of follow-up.

RESULTS: There were 94,063 twins eligible for analyses, comprising 835 cases of 36 concordant and 763 discordant twin pairs. The probability increased particularly from 50 years of age. After sex and age adjustment a significant additive genetic component of 47 % (12:79), a shared environmental component of 21 % (2:76) and a unique environment component of 32 % (21:41) accounted for the variation in population liability to total hip arthroplasty. The sex-adjusted proband-wise concordance and heritability on age indicated an increasing age-associated genetic influence onwards from 60 years of age.

CONCLUSION: The cumulative incidence in primary hip osteoarthritis leading to total hip arthroplasty increases in particular after the age of 50 years in both genders. Family factors of genes and shared environment are highly significant and account for 68 % of the variation in the population liability to total hip arthroplasty; however, the genetic influence increases significantly from 60 years of age onwards.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer336
TidsskriftArthritis Research & Therapy
Vol/bind17
Antal sider12
ISSN1478-6354
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2015

Fingeraftryk

Hip Osteoarthritis
Hip
Population
Social Adjustment
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Incidence

Emneord

  • Hip osteoarthritis
  • Cumulative incidence
  • Twin study
  • Heritability
  • Total hip arthroplasty

Citer dette

@article{2b1b71e9fb7842d6b6b6b69577cef148,
title = "Probability and heritability estimates on primary osteoarthritis of the hip leading to total hip arthroplasty: a nationwide population based follow-up study in Danish twins",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Primary hip osteoarthritis, radiographic as well as symptomatic, is highly associated with increasing age in both genders. However, little is known about the mechanisms behind this, in particular if this increase is caused by genetic factors. This study examined the risk and heritability of primary osteoarthritis of the hip leading to a total hip arthroplasty, and if this heritability increased with increasing age.METHODS: In a nationwide population-based follow-up study 118,788 twins from the Danish Twin Register and 90,007 individuals from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register for the period 1995 to 2010 were examined. Our main outcomes were the cumulative incidence, proband-wise concordance and heritability on age, within-pair correlations in monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs, and the genetic and environmental influence estimated in models taking into account that individuals may not have had a total hip arthroplasty at the time of follow-up.RESULTS: There were 94,063 twins eligible for analyses, comprising 835 cases of 36 concordant and 763 discordant twin pairs. The probability increased particularly from 50 years of age. After sex and age adjustment a significant additive genetic component of 47 {\%} (12:79), a shared environmental component of 21 {\%} (2:76) and a unique environment component of 32 {\%} (21:41) accounted for the variation in population liability to total hip arthroplasty. The sex-adjusted proband-wise concordance and heritability on age indicated an increasing age-associated genetic influence onwards from 60 years of age.CONCLUSION: The cumulative incidence in primary hip osteoarthritis leading to total hip arthroplasty increases in particular after the age of 50 years in both genders. Family factors of genes and shared environment are highly significant and account for 68 {\%} of the variation in the population liability to total hip arthroplasty; however, the genetic influence increases significantly from 60 years of age onwards.",
keywords = "Hip osteoarthritis, Cumulative incidence, Twin study, Heritability, Total hip arthroplasty",
author = "Skousgaard, {S{\o}ren Glud} and Jacob Hjelmborg and Axel Skytthe and Brandt, {Lars Peter Andreas} and S{\"o}ren M{\"o}ller and S{\o}ren Overgaard",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1186/s13075-015-0854-4",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "Arthritis Research & Therapy",
issn = "1478-6354",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Probability and heritability estimates on primary osteoarthritis of the hip leading to total hip arthroplasty

T2 - a nationwide population based follow-up study in Danish twins

AU - Skousgaard, Søren Glud

AU - Hjelmborg, Jacob

AU - Skytthe, Axel

AU - Brandt, Lars Peter Andreas

AU - Möller, Sören

AU - Overgaard, Søren

PY - 2015/11

Y1 - 2015/11

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Primary hip osteoarthritis, radiographic as well as symptomatic, is highly associated with increasing age in both genders. However, little is known about the mechanisms behind this, in particular if this increase is caused by genetic factors. This study examined the risk and heritability of primary osteoarthritis of the hip leading to a total hip arthroplasty, and if this heritability increased with increasing age.METHODS: In a nationwide population-based follow-up study 118,788 twins from the Danish Twin Register and 90,007 individuals from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register for the period 1995 to 2010 were examined. Our main outcomes were the cumulative incidence, proband-wise concordance and heritability on age, within-pair correlations in monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs, and the genetic and environmental influence estimated in models taking into account that individuals may not have had a total hip arthroplasty at the time of follow-up.RESULTS: There were 94,063 twins eligible for analyses, comprising 835 cases of 36 concordant and 763 discordant twin pairs. The probability increased particularly from 50 years of age. After sex and age adjustment a significant additive genetic component of 47 % (12:79), a shared environmental component of 21 % (2:76) and a unique environment component of 32 % (21:41) accounted for the variation in population liability to total hip arthroplasty. The sex-adjusted proband-wise concordance and heritability on age indicated an increasing age-associated genetic influence onwards from 60 years of age.CONCLUSION: The cumulative incidence in primary hip osteoarthritis leading to total hip arthroplasty increases in particular after the age of 50 years in both genders. Family factors of genes and shared environment are highly significant and account for 68 % of the variation in the population liability to total hip arthroplasty; however, the genetic influence increases significantly from 60 years of age onwards.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Primary hip osteoarthritis, radiographic as well as symptomatic, is highly associated with increasing age in both genders. However, little is known about the mechanisms behind this, in particular if this increase is caused by genetic factors. This study examined the risk and heritability of primary osteoarthritis of the hip leading to a total hip arthroplasty, and if this heritability increased with increasing age.METHODS: In a nationwide population-based follow-up study 118,788 twins from the Danish Twin Register and 90,007 individuals from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register for the period 1995 to 2010 were examined. Our main outcomes were the cumulative incidence, proband-wise concordance and heritability on age, within-pair correlations in monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs, and the genetic and environmental influence estimated in models taking into account that individuals may not have had a total hip arthroplasty at the time of follow-up.RESULTS: There were 94,063 twins eligible for analyses, comprising 835 cases of 36 concordant and 763 discordant twin pairs. The probability increased particularly from 50 years of age. After sex and age adjustment a significant additive genetic component of 47 % (12:79), a shared environmental component of 21 % (2:76) and a unique environment component of 32 % (21:41) accounted for the variation in population liability to total hip arthroplasty. The sex-adjusted proband-wise concordance and heritability on age indicated an increasing age-associated genetic influence onwards from 60 years of age.CONCLUSION: The cumulative incidence in primary hip osteoarthritis leading to total hip arthroplasty increases in particular after the age of 50 years in both genders. Family factors of genes and shared environment are highly significant and account for 68 % of the variation in the population liability to total hip arthroplasty; however, the genetic influence increases significantly from 60 years of age onwards.

KW - Hip osteoarthritis

KW - Cumulative incidence

KW - Twin study

KW - Heritability

KW - Total hip arthroplasty

U2 - 10.1186/s13075-015-0854-4

DO - 10.1186/s13075-015-0854-4

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26589897

VL - 17

JO - Arthritis Research & Therapy

JF - Arthritis Research & Therapy

SN - 1478-6354

M1 - 336

ER -