Prevalence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in two non-random populations aged 44–77 years in the Faroe Islands

Anna Sofía Veyhe, Jens Andreassen, Jónrit Halling, Philippe Grandjean, Maria Skaalum Petersen, Pál Weihe*

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

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Resumé

Aims: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide but little known about the status in the Faroe Islands. The aim was therefore to determine the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and prediabetes in two non-random populations aged 44–77 years. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted between 2011 and 2012 and included two sub-populations, namely 518 Septuagenarians aged 74–77 years (84% of the invited) and 401 Mark aged 44–73 years (87% of the invited). Subjects were screened for glycosylated haemoglobin, type A1c, non-fasting random plasma glucose, fasting plasma glucose followed by an oral glucose tolerance test. The screening was based on a diagnostic algorithm that included screening, diagnostic and confirmatory steps. Results: Each group was analysed separately. In the Septuagenarian group 20.4% had type 2 diabetes, with 5.2% being newly detected and a total of 59% had prediabetes. In the Mark group 4.1% had diabetes, with 2.1% being newly detected and 22.3% had prediabetes. Diabetes increased with age and was significantly more prevalent among men. Women had lower mean fasting plasma glucose concentrations and men had lower values for 2-hours plasma glucose. Significant predictors associated with diabetes mellitus included obesity (BMI ≥ 30, abnormal waist/hip ratio and vegetable consumption. Conclusions: Among the Faroese populations studied, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes increased with age and was more prevalent among men. The detected prevalence was comparable to other Nordic countries for all age-groups.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer100187
TidsskriftJournal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology
Vol/bind16
Antal sider8
ISSN2214-6237
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Prediabetic State
Denmark
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Population
Fasting
Scandinavian and Nordic Countries
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Glucose Tolerance Test
Vegetables
Diabetes Mellitus
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies

Citer dette

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title = "Prevalence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in two non-random populations aged 44–77 years in the Faroe Islands",
abstract = "Aims: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide but little known about the status in the Faroe Islands. The aim was therefore to determine the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and prediabetes in two non-random populations aged 44–77 years. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted between 2011 and 2012 and included two sub-populations, namely 518 Septuagenarians aged 74–77 years (84{\%} of the invited) and 401 Mark aged 44–73 years (87{\%} of the invited). Subjects were screened for glycosylated haemoglobin, type A1c, non-fasting random plasma glucose, fasting plasma glucose followed by an oral glucose tolerance test. The screening was based on a diagnostic algorithm that included screening, diagnostic and confirmatory steps. Results: Each group was analysed separately. In the Septuagenarian group 20.4{\%} had type 2 diabetes, with 5.2{\%} being newly detected and a total of 59{\%} had prediabetes. In the Mark group 4.1{\%} had diabetes, with 2.1{\%} being newly detected and 22.3{\%} had prediabetes. Diabetes increased with age and was significantly more prevalent among men. Women had lower mean fasting plasma glucose concentrations and men had lower values for 2-hours plasma glucose. Significant predictors associated with diabetes mellitus included obesity (BMI ≥ 30, abnormal waist/hip ratio and vegetable consumption. Conclusions: Among the Faroese populations studied, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes increased with age and was more prevalent among men. The detected prevalence was comparable to other Nordic countries for all age-groups.",
keywords = "Diagnostic criteria, Faroe Islands, Impaired glucose regulation, Prediabetes, Prevalence, Type 2 diabetes mellitus",
author = "Veyhe, {Anna Sof{\'i}a} and Jens Andreassen and J{\'o}nrit Halling and Philippe Grandjean and {Skaalum Petersen}, Maria and P{\'a}l Weihe",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcte.2019.100187",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology",
issn = "2214-6237",
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Prevalence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in two non-random populations aged 44–77 years in the Faroe Islands. / Veyhe, Anna Sofía; Andreassen, Jens; Halling, Jónrit; Grandjean, Philippe; Skaalum Petersen, Maria; Weihe, Pál.

I: Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology, Bind 16, 100187, 06.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in two non-random populations aged 44–77 years in the Faroe Islands

AU - Veyhe, Anna Sofía

AU - Andreassen, Jens

AU - Halling, Jónrit

AU - Grandjean, Philippe

AU - Skaalum Petersen, Maria

AU - Weihe, Pál

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - Aims: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide but little known about the status in the Faroe Islands. The aim was therefore to determine the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and prediabetes in two non-random populations aged 44–77 years. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted between 2011 and 2012 and included two sub-populations, namely 518 Septuagenarians aged 74–77 years (84% of the invited) and 401 Mark aged 44–73 years (87% of the invited). Subjects were screened for glycosylated haemoglobin, type A1c, non-fasting random plasma glucose, fasting plasma glucose followed by an oral glucose tolerance test. The screening was based on a diagnostic algorithm that included screening, diagnostic and confirmatory steps. Results: Each group was analysed separately. In the Septuagenarian group 20.4% had type 2 diabetes, with 5.2% being newly detected and a total of 59% had prediabetes. In the Mark group 4.1% had diabetes, with 2.1% being newly detected and 22.3% had prediabetes. Diabetes increased with age and was significantly more prevalent among men. Women had lower mean fasting plasma glucose concentrations and men had lower values for 2-hours plasma glucose. Significant predictors associated with diabetes mellitus included obesity (BMI ≥ 30, abnormal waist/hip ratio and vegetable consumption. Conclusions: Among the Faroese populations studied, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes increased with age and was more prevalent among men. The detected prevalence was comparable to other Nordic countries for all age-groups.

AB - Aims: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide but little known about the status in the Faroe Islands. The aim was therefore to determine the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and prediabetes in two non-random populations aged 44–77 years. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted between 2011 and 2012 and included two sub-populations, namely 518 Septuagenarians aged 74–77 years (84% of the invited) and 401 Mark aged 44–73 years (87% of the invited). Subjects were screened for glycosylated haemoglobin, type A1c, non-fasting random plasma glucose, fasting plasma glucose followed by an oral glucose tolerance test. The screening was based on a diagnostic algorithm that included screening, diagnostic and confirmatory steps. Results: Each group was analysed separately. In the Septuagenarian group 20.4% had type 2 diabetes, with 5.2% being newly detected and a total of 59% had prediabetes. In the Mark group 4.1% had diabetes, with 2.1% being newly detected and 22.3% had prediabetes. Diabetes increased with age and was significantly more prevalent among men. Women had lower mean fasting plasma glucose concentrations and men had lower values for 2-hours plasma glucose. Significant predictors associated with diabetes mellitus included obesity (BMI ≥ 30, abnormal waist/hip ratio and vegetable consumption. Conclusions: Among the Faroese populations studied, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes increased with age and was more prevalent among men. The detected prevalence was comparable to other Nordic countries for all age-groups.

KW - Diagnostic criteria

KW - Faroe Islands

KW - Impaired glucose regulation

KW - Prediabetes

KW - Prevalence

KW - Type 2 diabetes mellitus

U2 - 10.1016/j.jcte.2019.100187

DO - 10.1016/j.jcte.2019.100187

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31032180

AN - SCOPUS:85063620623

VL - 16

JO - Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology

JF - Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology

SN - 2214-6237

M1 - 100187

ER -