Predictors of recovery in first episode psychosis: the OPUS cohort at 10 year follow-up

Stephen F Austin*, Ole Mors, Rikke Gry Secher, Carsten R Hjorthøj, Nikolai Albert, Mette Bertelsen, Heidi Jensen, Pia Jeppesen, Lone Petersen, Lasse Randers, Anne Thorup, Merete Nordentoft


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Background: Recovery, the optimal goal in treatment, is the attainment of both symptomatic and functional remission over a sustained period of time. Identification of factors that promote recovery can help develop interventions that facilitate good outcomes for people with first episode psychosis. Aim: To examine long-term outcomes within a cohort of people with first episode psychosis in relation to symptom remission, functioning and recovery, 10. years after diagnosis. Method: The study had a prospective design. Participants from the OPUS trial (1998-2000) (n = 496) completed a series of interviews and questionnaires to measure current levels of psychopathology and social/vocational functioning, ten years after diagnosis. Predictors of recovery were identified using socio-demographic and clinical characteristics collected at baseline. Results: A total of 304 participants were interviewed, giving a follow-up rate of 61%. A total of 42 people (14%) met the criteria for symptomatic and psychosocial recovery at 10. years. A multivariable binary logistic regression analysis indicated that baseline predictors accounted for 22% of the variance of full recovery. Lower severity of negative symptoms at baseline (Odds Ratio (OR) 0.53, 95% confidence interval CI 0.36-0.78, p < 0.001) and earlier age of diagnosis (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.86-0.99, p < 0.05) predicted better rates of recovery at 10. years. Conclusion: Results of this study indicated that negative symptoms could play a central role in the process of recovery from schizophrenia. A challenge for clinicians and researchers is to understand the mechanisms behind negative symptoms and develop interventions that can prevent or ameliorate these symptoms in order to promote recovery.

TidsskriftSchizophrenia Research
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)163-168
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2013
Udgivet eksterntJa

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© 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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