Prediction of melting temperatures in fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) procedures using thermodynamic models

Sílvia Fontenete, Nuno Guimarães, Jesper Wengel, Nuno Filipe Azevedo

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Abstract The thermodynamics and kinetics of DNA hybridization, i.e. the process of self-assembly of one, two or more complementary nucleic acid strands, has been studied for many years. The appearance of the nearest-neighbor model led to several theoretical and experimental papers on DNA thermodynamics that provide reasonably accurate thermodynamic information on nucleic acid duplexes and allow estimation of the melting temperature. Because there are no thermodynamic models specifically developed to predict the hybridization temperature of a probe used in a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) procedure, the melting temperature is used as a reference, together with corrections for certain compounds that are used during FISH. However, the quantitative relation between melting and experimental FISH temperatures is poorly described. In this review, various models used to predict the melting temperature for rRNA targets, for DNA oligonucleotides and for nucleic acid mimics (chemically modified oligonucleotides), will be addressed in detail, together with a critical assessment of how this information should be used in FISH.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCritical Reviews in Biotechnology
Vol/bind36
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)566-577
ISSN0738-8551
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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