Precision medicine applied to metastatic colorectal cancer using tumor-derived organoids and in-vitro sensitivity testing: a phase 2, single-center, open-label, and non-comparative study

Lars Henrik Jensen*, Silvia Regina Rogatto, Jan Lindebjerg, Birgitte Havelund, Cecilie Abildgaard, Luisa Matos do Canto, Chris Vagn-Hansen, Claus Dam, Søren Rafaelsen, Torben Frøstrup Hansen

*Kontaktforfatter

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with colorectal metastatic disease have a poor prognosis, limited therapeutic options, and frequent development of resistance. Strategies based on tumor-derived organoids are a powerful tool to assess drug sensitivity at an individual level and to suggest new treatment options or re-challenge. Here, we evaluated the method's feasibility and clinical outcome as applied to patients with no satisfactory treatment options.

METHODS: In this phase 2, single-center, open-label, non-comparative study (ClinicalTrials.gov, register NCT03251612), we enrolled 90 patients with metastatic colorectal cancer following progression on or after standard therapy. Participants were 18 years or older with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2, adequate organ function, and metastasis available for biopsy. Biopsies from the metastatic site were cultured using organoids model. Sensitivity testing was performed with a panel of drugs with proven activity in phase II or III trials. At the discretion of the investigator considering toxicity, the drug with the highest relative activity was offered. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients alive without disease progression at two months per local assessment.

RESULTS: Biopsies available from 82 to 90 patients were processed for cell culture, of which 44 successfully generated organoids with at least one treatment suggested. The precision cohort of 34 patients started treatment and the primary endpoint, progression-free survival (PFS) at two months was met in 17 patients (50%, 95% CI 32-68), exceeding the pre-defined level (14 of 45; 31%). The median PFS was 67 days (95% CI 51-108), and the median overall survival was 189 days (95% CI 103-277).

CONCLUSIONS: Patient-derived organoids and in-vitro sensitivity testing were feasible in a cohort of metastatic colorectal cancer. The primary endpoint was met, as half of the patients were without progression at two months. Cancer patients may benefit from functional testing using tumor-derived organoids.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, register NCT03251612.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer115
TidsskriftJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research (Online)
Vol/bind42
Antal sider9
ISSN1756-9966
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 5. maj 2023

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© 2023. The Author(s).

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