Power Flow Modeling of Islanded AC Microgrids with Hierarchical Control

G. Agundis-Tinajero, J. Segundo-Ramírez, N. Visairo-Cruz, M. Savaghebi, J.M. Guerrero, E. Barocio

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This paper presents the power flow modeling of droop-controlled distributed generation units with secondary frequency and voltage restoration control for hierarchically controlled islanded microgrids. These models are incorporated in the conventional Newton-Raphson power flow method as a new bus, without the necessity of a slack bus, and include the gains of the control systems that influence the steady-state solution. Two case studies are addressed. In the first case study, comparisons of the proposed models against the steady-state solutions obtained with PSCAD and Simscape Power System of Simulink, where the closed-loop controls are explicitly modeled, are presented. In the second case study, the proposed method is contrasted against the droop-based approach. The results obtained exhibit low computing effort, reliability, and effectiveness of the proposed
models since quadratic convergence behavior is maintained independently of the size and topology of the microgrid.
Besides, it is demonstrated that hierarchical and droop controllers lead to different solutions, which confirms the necessity of including the hierarchical control in the power flow model.
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Sider (fra-til)28-36
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2019
Udgivet eksterntJa


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