Policymakers’ research capacities, engagement, and use of research in public health policymaking

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Abstrakt

The use of research in public health policymaking is one of the prerequisites for success-fully implemented health policies which have better population health as an outcome. This policy process is influenced by the actors involved under the policy umbrella, with inter-related contextual factors and specific structural and institutional circumstances. Our study investigates how policy-makers’ research capacities influence the use of research in the health policy process and identify areas where capacity-building interventions give the most meaning and impact. Furthermore, we investigate policymakers’ research engagement and use this to inform public health policy in the public sector in Denmark. We collect and report data using Seeking, Engaging with, and Evaluation Research (SEER) methodology. Policymakers are reported to have research capacity, but it is questionable how those competences have actually been used in policymaking. Decision-makers were often not aware or did not know about the existing organizational tools and systems for research engagement and use and two third of respondents had not been part of any research activities or had any collaboration with researchers. Overall, research use in public health policymaking and evaluation was limited. As a conclusion, we propose that capacity-building interventions for increasing research use and collaboration in EIPM should be context-oriented, measurable, and sus-tainable in developing individual and organizational competences.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer11014
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer21
ISSN1661-7827
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 20. okt. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
We thank the members of the Danish Society of Public Health (DSPH) and the Danish Healthy Cities Network (DHCN) who participated in the survey. We thank Ole Refstrup (DSPH) and Louise Dal (DHCN) for distributing the survey among their members and supporting the process of collecting the data. No less gratitude goes to the members of the focus groups who participated in the survey pretesting. Thanks to Bettina Gundolf and Line Emilie Hansen for the English?Danish survey translation, adjustments of the terminologies in the survey to make the context more understandable, and for Survey Xact management.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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