Physical demands in elite team handball: comparisons between male and female players

L B Michalsik, Per Aagaard

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine differences in the physical demands imposed on male vs. female adult elite team handball players during match--play.

METHODS: Male and female elite team handball players were monitored over a six and five season time span, respectively. Each player was evaluated during match--play by use of video recording and subsequent computerized locomotive and technical match analysis. Furthermore, physiological measurements during match--play, physical testing and anthropometric measurements were performed.

RESULTS: Female players (FP, n=82) covered a longer mean total distance per match (4693±333 m, group means±SD) compared to male players (MP, n=83, 3945±538 m) when playing full time (p<0.01). FP exercised at a greater relative workload (79.4 % of VO2--max) than MP (70.9 % of VO2--max, p<0.05), but performed less high--intense running per match (2.6 % of total distance covered) than MP (7.9 %, p<0.01). FP also spent less time standing still (10.8 % of total effective playing time) compared to MP (36.9 %, p<0.001) and showed fewer activity changes (663.8±99.7) compared to MP (1482.4±312.6, p<0.001). MP received more tackles in total in offence (34.5±21.3) and performed more tackles in total in defence (29.9±12.3) compared to FP (14.6±9.2, 20.7±9.7, p<0.05). Further, MP performed more high--intense technical playing actions per match (36.9±13.1) than FP (28.3±11.0, p<0.05). Mean body height and body mass differed between MP (189.6±5.8 cm, 91.7±7.5 kg) and FP (175.4±6.1 cm, 69.5±6.5 kg, p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Substantial gender--specific differences in the physical demands in elite team handball were observed, with MP performing more high--intense, strength--related playing actions and high--intensity running than FP. Conversely, FP covered a greater total distance and demonstrated a higher relative workload than MP. The physical training of male and female elite team handball players should be designed to reflect these contrasting needs.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Vol/bind55
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)878-891
ISSN0022-4707
StatusUdgivet - 2015

Fingeraftryk

Workload
Video Recording

Citer dette

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title = "Physical demands in elite team handball: comparisons between male and female players",
abstract = "AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine differences in the physical demands imposed on male vs. female adult elite team handball players during match--play.METHODS: Male and female elite team handball players were monitored over a six and five season time span, respectively. Each player was evaluated during match--play by use of video recording and subsequent computerized locomotive and technical match analysis. Furthermore, physiological measurements during match--play, physical testing and anthropometric measurements were performed.RESULTS: Female players (FP, n=82) covered a longer mean total distance per match (4693±333 m, group means±SD) compared to male players (MP, n=83, 3945±538 m) when playing full time (p<0.01). FP exercised at a greater relative workload (79.4 {\%} of VO2--max) than MP (70.9 {\%} of VO2--max, p<0.05), but performed less high--intense running per match (2.6 {\%} of total distance covered) than MP (7.9 {\%}, p<0.01). FP also spent less time standing still (10.8 {\%} of total effective playing time) compared to MP (36.9 {\%}, p<0.001) and showed fewer activity changes (663.8±99.7) compared to MP (1482.4±312.6, p<0.001). MP received more tackles in total in offence (34.5±21.3) and performed more tackles in total in defence (29.9±12.3) compared to FP (14.6±9.2, 20.7±9.7, p<0.05). Further, MP performed more high--intense technical playing actions per match (36.9±13.1) than FP (28.3±11.0, p<0.05). Mean body height and body mass differed between MP (189.6±5.8 cm, 91.7±7.5 kg) and FP (175.4±6.1 cm, 69.5±6.5 kg, p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Substantial gender--specific differences in the physical demands in elite team handball were observed, with MP performing more high--intense, strength--related playing actions and high--intensity running than FP. Conversely, FP covered a greater total distance and demonstrated a higher relative workload than MP. The physical training of male and female elite team handball players should be designed to reflect these contrasting needs.",
author = "Michalsik, {L B} and Per Aagaard",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "878--891",
journal = "Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness",
issn = "0022-4707",
publisher = "EdizioniMinerva Medica",
number = "9",

}

Physical demands in elite team handball : comparisons between male and female players. / Michalsik, L B; Aagaard, Per.

I: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, Bind 55, Nr. 9, 2015, s. 878-891.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical demands in elite team handball

T2 - comparisons between male and female players

AU - Michalsik, L B

AU - Aagaard, Per

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine differences in the physical demands imposed on male vs. female adult elite team handball players during match--play.METHODS: Male and female elite team handball players were monitored over a six and five season time span, respectively. Each player was evaluated during match--play by use of video recording and subsequent computerized locomotive and technical match analysis. Furthermore, physiological measurements during match--play, physical testing and anthropometric measurements were performed.RESULTS: Female players (FP, n=82) covered a longer mean total distance per match (4693±333 m, group means±SD) compared to male players (MP, n=83, 3945±538 m) when playing full time (p<0.01). FP exercised at a greater relative workload (79.4 % of VO2--max) than MP (70.9 % of VO2--max, p<0.05), but performed less high--intense running per match (2.6 % of total distance covered) than MP (7.9 %, p<0.01). FP also spent less time standing still (10.8 % of total effective playing time) compared to MP (36.9 %, p<0.001) and showed fewer activity changes (663.8±99.7) compared to MP (1482.4±312.6, p<0.001). MP received more tackles in total in offence (34.5±21.3) and performed more tackles in total in defence (29.9±12.3) compared to FP (14.6±9.2, 20.7±9.7, p<0.05). Further, MP performed more high--intense technical playing actions per match (36.9±13.1) than FP (28.3±11.0, p<0.05). Mean body height and body mass differed between MP (189.6±5.8 cm, 91.7±7.5 kg) and FP (175.4±6.1 cm, 69.5±6.5 kg, p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Substantial gender--specific differences in the physical demands in elite team handball were observed, with MP performing more high--intense, strength--related playing actions and high--intensity running than FP. Conversely, FP covered a greater total distance and demonstrated a higher relative workload than MP. The physical training of male and female elite team handball players should be designed to reflect these contrasting needs.

AB - AIM: The aim of the present study was to examine differences in the physical demands imposed on male vs. female adult elite team handball players during match--play.METHODS: Male and female elite team handball players were monitored over a six and five season time span, respectively. Each player was evaluated during match--play by use of video recording and subsequent computerized locomotive and technical match analysis. Furthermore, physiological measurements during match--play, physical testing and anthropometric measurements were performed.RESULTS: Female players (FP, n=82) covered a longer mean total distance per match (4693±333 m, group means±SD) compared to male players (MP, n=83, 3945±538 m) when playing full time (p<0.01). FP exercised at a greater relative workload (79.4 % of VO2--max) than MP (70.9 % of VO2--max, p<0.05), but performed less high--intense running per match (2.6 % of total distance covered) than MP (7.9 %, p<0.01). FP also spent less time standing still (10.8 % of total effective playing time) compared to MP (36.9 %, p<0.001) and showed fewer activity changes (663.8±99.7) compared to MP (1482.4±312.6, p<0.001). MP received more tackles in total in offence (34.5±21.3) and performed more tackles in total in defence (29.9±12.3) compared to FP (14.6±9.2, 20.7±9.7, p<0.05). Further, MP performed more high--intense technical playing actions per match (36.9±13.1) than FP (28.3±11.0, p<0.05). Mean body height and body mass differed between MP (189.6±5.8 cm, 91.7±7.5 kg) and FP (175.4±6.1 cm, 69.5±6.5 kg, p<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: Substantial gender--specific differences in the physical demands in elite team handball were observed, with MP performing more high--intense, strength--related playing actions and high--intensity running than FP. Conversely, FP covered a greater total distance and demonstrated a higher relative workload than MP. The physical training of male and female elite team handball players should be designed to reflect these contrasting needs.

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24947813

VL - 55

SP - 878

EP - 891

JO - Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness

JF - Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness

SN - 0022-4707

IS - 9

ER -