Physical activity and sedentary time are positively associated with academic performance: A 3-year longitudinal study

Rodrigo Antunes Lima*, Karin A. Pfeiffer, Niels Christian Møller, Lars Bo Andersen, Anna Bugge

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Background: To analyze the longitudinal association between academic performance and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), vigorous physical activity (VPA), and sedentary (SED) in a 3-year longitudinal study. A secondary aim was to determine whether MVPA and VPA were indirectly related with academic performance via waist circumference (WC). Methods: Physical activity (PA) and SED were measured by accelerometers. Academic performance was assessed by national tests in Danish and Math. Structural equation modeling was performed to evaluate whether MVPA, VPA, and SED were associated with academic performance and the potential PA-academic performance indirect relationship via WC. Results: MVPA and VPA were associated with academic performance, mediated via WC (β = 0.036; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.002 to 0.070 and β = 0.096; 95% CI, 0.027 to 0.164, respectively). SED was directly associated with academic performance (β = 0.124; 95% CI, 0.030 to 0.217, MVPA model and β = 0.132; 95% CI, 0.044 to 0.221, VPA model). WC was negatively associated with academic performance. Conclusions: Both PA and SED time were positively associated with academic performance. Based on this, PA should be encouraged in children and youth not only to promote physical health but also to promote academic performance. Future studies should distinguish between school-related SED and other SED activities and their relationship with academic performance.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Vol/bind16
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)177-183
ISSN1543-3080
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. mar. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Longitudinal Studies
Exercise
Confidence Intervals

Citer dette

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title = "Physical activity and sedentary time are positively associated with academic performance: A 3-year longitudinal study",
abstract = "Background: To analyze the longitudinal association between academic performance and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), vigorous physical activity (VPA), and sedentary (SED) in a 3-year longitudinal study. A secondary aim was to determine whether MVPA and VPA were indirectly related with academic performance via waist circumference (WC). Methods: Physical activity (PA) and SED were measured by accelerometers. Academic performance was assessed by national tests in Danish and Math. Structural equation modeling was performed to evaluate whether MVPA, VPA, and SED were associated with academic performance and the potential PA-academic performance indirect relationship via WC. Results: MVPA and VPA were associated with academic performance, mediated via WC (β = 0.036; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 0.002 to 0.070 and β = 0.096; 95{\%} CI, 0.027 to 0.164, respectively). SED was directly associated with academic performance (β = 0.124; 95{\%} CI, 0.030 to 0.217, MVPA model and β = 0.132; 95{\%} CI, 0.044 to 0.221, VPA model). WC was negatively associated with academic performance. Conclusions: Both PA and SED time were positively associated with academic performance. Based on this, PA should be encouraged in children and youth not only to promote physical health but also to promote academic performance. Future studies should distinguish between school-related SED and other SED activities and their relationship with academic performance.",
keywords = "Accelerometry, Adolescent, Body composition, Epidemiology, Pediatrics",
author = "Lima, {Rodrigo Antunes} and Pfeiffer, {Karin A.} and M{\o}ller, {Niels Christian} and Andersen, {Lars Bo} and Anna Bugge",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1123/jpah.2017-0587",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "177--183",
journal = "Journal of Physical Activity & Health",
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Physical activity and sedentary time are positively associated with academic performance : A 3-year longitudinal study. / Lima, Rodrigo Antunes; Pfeiffer, Karin A.; Møller, Niels Christian; Andersen, Lars Bo; Bugge, Anna.

I: Journal of Physical Activity and Health, Bind 16, Nr. 3, 01.03.2019, s. 177-183.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical activity and sedentary time are positively associated with academic performance

T2 - A 3-year longitudinal study

AU - Lima, Rodrigo Antunes

AU - Pfeiffer, Karin A.

AU - Møller, Niels Christian

AU - Andersen, Lars Bo

AU - Bugge, Anna

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Background: To analyze the longitudinal association between academic performance and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), vigorous physical activity (VPA), and sedentary (SED) in a 3-year longitudinal study. A secondary aim was to determine whether MVPA and VPA were indirectly related with academic performance via waist circumference (WC). Methods: Physical activity (PA) and SED were measured by accelerometers. Academic performance was assessed by national tests in Danish and Math. Structural equation modeling was performed to evaluate whether MVPA, VPA, and SED were associated with academic performance and the potential PA-academic performance indirect relationship via WC. Results: MVPA and VPA were associated with academic performance, mediated via WC (β = 0.036; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.002 to 0.070 and β = 0.096; 95% CI, 0.027 to 0.164, respectively). SED was directly associated with academic performance (β = 0.124; 95% CI, 0.030 to 0.217, MVPA model and β = 0.132; 95% CI, 0.044 to 0.221, VPA model). WC was negatively associated with academic performance. Conclusions: Both PA and SED time were positively associated with academic performance. Based on this, PA should be encouraged in children and youth not only to promote physical health but also to promote academic performance. Future studies should distinguish between school-related SED and other SED activities and their relationship with academic performance.

AB - Background: To analyze the longitudinal association between academic performance and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), vigorous physical activity (VPA), and sedentary (SED) in a 3-year longitudinal study. A secondary aim was to determine whether MVPA and VPA were indirectly related with academic performance via waist circumference (WC). Methods: Physical activity (PA) and SED were measured by accelerometers. Academic performance was assessed by national tests in Danish and Math. Structural equation modeling was performed to evaluate whether MVPA, VPA, and SED were associated with academic performance and the potential PA-academic performance indirect relationship via WC. Results: MVPA and VPA were associated with academic performance, mediated via WC (β = 0.036; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.002 to 0.070 and β = 0.096; 95% CI, 0.027 to 0.164, respectively). SED was directly associated with academic performance (β = 0.124; 95% CI, 0.030 to 0.217, MVPA model and β = 0.132; 95% CI, 0.044 to 0.221, VPA model). WC was negatively associated with academic performance. Conclusions: Both PA and SED time were positively associated with academic performance. Based on this, PA should be encouraged in children and youth not only to promote physical health but also to promote academic performance. Future studies should distinguish between school-related SED and other SED activities and their relationship with academic performance.

KW - Accelerometry

KW - Adolescent

KW - Body composition

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Pediatrics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062415640&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1123/jpah.2017-0587

DO - 10.1123/jpah.2017-0587

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30696322

AN - SCOPUS:85062415640

VL - 16

SP - 177

EP - 183

JO - Journal of Physical Activity & Health

JF - Journal of Physical Activity & Health

SN - 1543-3080

IS - 3

ER -