Personality-Related Factors and Depressive Symptomatology Predict Behavioral Control in Patients With Alcohol Use Disorders

Zofia Lebiecka*, Tomasz Skoneczny, Ernest Tyburski, Jerzy Samochowiec, Adam Jędrzejewski, Janina Wirtz, Simone Kühn, Anette Søgard Nielsen, Angelina Isabella Mellentin, Leonie Ascone Michelis, Jolanta Kucharska-Mazur


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In the face of increasing social, economic, and health consequences of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and limited effects of available treatment options, the search for novel prevention and management methods continues to remain a timely and valid endeavor. This, however, requires a better grasp of the theoretical framework underlying addiction mechanisms. With the goal to extend the existing body of evidence on AUDs, we set out to investigate the effect of personality-related factors and depressive symptomatology on (i) impulsivity, (ii) cognitive response inhibition, and (iii) the links between the two measures of behavioral control (different facets of impulsivity and response inhibition) in a treatment-seeking AUD sample. To this end, 53 male (n = 45) and female (n = 8) inpatients at an alcohol rehabilitation center completed three self-report questionnaires: the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP-50), the Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition (BDI-II) and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and performed one behavioral task—an alcohol go/no go task. Regression analyses revealed conscientiousness, intellect, and depression level to be important potential predictors of self-report impulsivity and processing speed in recovering drinkers. No significant links were observed between the two measures of behavioral control, thus complementing evidence that while they both encompass behavioral under-regulation, they may indeed represent distinct psychological constructs.

TidsskriftFrontiers in Psychiatry
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 7. jul. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This study was unconditionally funded by the “Baltic Game Industry—Empowering a Booster for Regional Development “(BGI) grant, which is part of the Interreg Baltic Sea Region (BSR), supported by the European Union’s Regional Development fund. Contact information: Christine Sauter, Tel: + 49 (030) 809 94 113, BGI/BSR have neither reviewed our protocol in its present form nor has the funding partner imposed any specific constraint or requirements for our study. We are granted full scientific authority to design and conduct this study, and BGI/BSR will not have any or be involved in the interpretation, reporting or publishing the results. Project funded under the Ministry of Science and Higher Education program called “Regional Excellence Initiative” in 2019–2022, project number: 002/RID/2018/19, funding amount 12,000,000 PLN.”


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