Persistent social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents, 2002-2014

Mette Rasmussen, Trine Pagh Pedersen, Nina Føns Johnsen, Rikke Fredenslund Krølner, Bjørn E. Holstein*

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

Resumé

Objective To examine the trend in social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents in Denmark from 2002 to 2014 using occupational social class (OSC) as socio-economic indicator.Design Repeated cross-sectional school surveys including four waves of data collection in 2002-2014. The analyses focused on absolute social inequality (difference between high and low OSC in low vegetable intake) as well as relative social inequality (OR for low vegetable intake by OSC).Setting The nationally representative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Denmark.Subjects The study population was 11-15-year olds (n 17 243).Results Low intake of vegetables was defined as less than weekly intake measured by food frequency items. OSC was measured by student reports of parents' occupation. The proportion of participants who reported eating vegetables less than once weekly was 8·9 %, with a notable decrease from 11·9 % in 2002 to 5·9 % in 2014. The OR (95 % CI) for less than weekly vegetable intake was 2·28 (1·98, 2·63) in the middle compared with high OSC and 3·12 (2·67, 3·66) in the low compared with high OSC. The absolute social inequality in low vegetable intake decreased from 2002 to 2014 but the relative social inequality remained unchanged.Conclusions The study underscores that it is important to address socio-economic factors in future efforts to promote vegetable intake among adolescents. The statistical analyses of social inequality in vegetable intake demonstrate that it is important to address both absolute and relative social inequality as these two phenomena may develop differently.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPublic Health Nutrition
Vol/bind21
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1649-1653
ISSN1368-9800
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2018

Fingeraftryk

Vegetables
Denmark
Health Behavior
Occupations
Cross-Sectional Studies
Parents
Population

Citer dette

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title = "Persistent social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents, 2002-2014",
abstract = "Objective To examine the trend in social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents in Denmark from 2002 to 2014 using occupational social class (OSC) as socio-economic indicator.Design Repeated cross-sectional school surveys including four waves of data collection in 2002-2014. The analyses focused on absolute social inequality (difference between high and low OSC in low vegetable intake) as well as relative social inequality (OR for low vegetable intake by OSC).Setting The nationally representative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Denmark.Subjects The study population was 11-15-year olds (n 17 243).Results Low intake of vegetables was defined as less than weekly intake measured by food frequency items. OSC was measured by student reports of parents' occupation. The proportion of participants who reported eating vegetables less than once weekly was 8·9 {\%}, with a notable decrease from 11·9 {\%} in 2002 to 5·9 {\%} in 2014. The OR (95 {\%} CI) for less than weekly vegetable intake was 2·28 (1·98, 2·63) in the middle compared with high OSC and 3·12 (2·67, 3·66) in the low compared with high OSC. The absolute social inequality in low vegetable intake decreased from 2002 to 2014 but the relative social inequality remained unchanged.Conclusions The study underscores that it is important to address socio-economic factors in future efforts to promote vegetable intake among adolescents. The statistical analyses of social inequality in vegetable intake demonstrate that it is important to address both absolute and relative social inequality as these two phenomena may develop differently.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Children, Social inequality, Trend study, Vegetable intake, Vegetables, Cross-Sectional Studies, Humans, Male, Health Behavior, Social Class, Socioeconomic Factors, Diet Surveys/statistics & numerical data, Adolescent, Denmark, Female, Child, Schools, Students/statistics & numerical data",
author = "Mette Rasmussen and Pedersen, {Trine Pagh} and Johnsen, {Nina F{\o}ns} and Kr{\o}lner, {Rikke Fredenslund} and Holstein, {Bj{\o}rn E.}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1017/S136898001800040X",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "1649--1653",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Heinemann",
number = "9",

}

Persistent social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents, 2002-2014. / Rasmussen, Mette; Pedersen, Trine Pagh; Johnsen, Nina Føns; Krølner, Rikke Fredenslund; Holstein, Bjørn E.

I: Public Health Nutrition, Bind 21, Nr. 9, 06.2018, s. 1649-1653.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Persistent social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents, 2002-2014

AU - Rasmussen, Mette

AU - Pedersen, Trine Pagh

AU - Johnsen, Nina Føns

AU - Krølner, Rikke Fredenslund

AU - Holstein, Bjørn E.

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - Objective To examine the trend in social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents in Denmark from 2002 to 2014 using occupational social class (OSC) as socio-economic indicator.Design Repeated cross-sectional school surveys including four waves of data collection in 2002-2014. The analyses focused on absolute social inequality (difference between high and low OSC in low vegetable intake) as well as relative social inequality (OR for low vegetable intake by OSC).Setting The nationally representative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Denmark.Subjects The study population was 11-15-year olds (n 17 243).Results Low intake of vegetables was defined as less than weekly intake measured by food frequency items. OSC was measured by student reports of parents' occupation. The proportion of participants who reported eating vegetables less than once weekly was 8·9 %, with a notable decrease from 11·9 % in 2002 to 5·9 % in 2014. The OR (95 % CI) for less than weekly vegetable intake was 2·28 (1·98, 2·63) in the middle compared with high OSC and 3·12 (2·67, 3·66) in the low compared with high OSC. The absolute social inequality in low vegetable intake decreased from 2002 to 2014 but the relative social inequality remained unchanged.Conclusions The study underscores that it is important to address socio-economic factors in future efforts to promote vegetable intake among adolescents. The statistical analyses of social inequality in vegetable intake demonstrate that it is important to address both absolute and relative social inequality as these two phenomena may develop differently.

AB - Objective To examine the trend in social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents in Denmark from 2002 to 2014 using occupational social class (OSC) as socio-economic indicator.Design Repeated cross-sectional school surveys including four waves of data collection in 2002-2014. The analyses focused on absolute social inequality (difference between high and low OSC in low vegetable intake) as well as relative social inequality (OR for low vegetable intake by OSC).Setting The nationally representative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Denmark.Subjects The study population was 11-15-year olds (n 17 243).Results Low intake of vegetables was defined as less than weekly intake measured by food frequency items. OSC was measured by student reports of parents' occupation. The proportion of participants who reported eating vegetables less than once weekly was 8·9 %, with a notable decrease from 11·9 % in 2002 to 5·9 % in 2014. The OR (95 % CI) for less than weekly vegetable intake was 2·28 (1·98, 2·63) in the middle compared with high OSC and 3·12 (2·67, 3·66) in the low compared with high OSC. The absolute social inequality in low vegetable intake decreased from 2002 to 2014 but the relative social inequality remained unchanged.Conclusions The study underscores that it is important to address socio-economic factors in future efforts to promote vegetable intake among adolescents. The statistical analyses of social inequality in vegetable intake demonstrate that it is important to address both absolute and relative social inequality as these two phenomena may develop differently.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Children

KW - Social inequality

KW - Trend study

KW - Vegetable intake

KW - Vegetables

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Health Behavior

KW - Social Class

KW - Socioeconomic Factors

KW - Diet Surveys/statistics & numerical data

KW - Adolescent

KW - Denmark

KW - Female

KW - Child

KW - Schools

KW - Students/statistics & numerical data

U2 - 10.1017/S136898001800040X

DO - 10.1017/S136898001800040X

M3 - Review

C2 - 29506596

AN - SCOPUS:85042763297

VL - 21

SP - 1649

EP - 1653

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 9

ER -