Persistent social inequality in life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy: Outlook for a differential pension age in Denmark?

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Resumé

AIMS: The state old-age pension in Denmark increases to keep pace with the projected increase in average life expectancy (LE) without any regard to the social gap in LE and expected lifetime in good health. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in LE and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) between groups of Danes with high, medium and low levels of education.

METHODS: Nationwide register data on education and mortality were combined with data from the Surveys of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) surveys in 2006-2007, 2010-2011 and 2013-2014 and the DFLE by educational level was estimated by Sullivan's method for each of these three time points.

RESULTS: Between 2006-2007 and 2013-2014, LE among 65-year-old men and women with a low educational level increased by 1.3 and 1.0 years, respectively, and by 1.4 and 1.3 years for highly educated men and women. The gap in LE between people with high and low levels of education remained more than 2 years. In 2006-2007, 65-year-old men with a high level of education could expect 3.2 more years without disability than men of the same age with a low level of education. In 2013-2014, the difference was 2.9 years. For women, the results were 3.7 and 3.4 years, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: With the persistent social inequality in LE of more than 2 years and the continuous gap between high and low educational groups in DFLE of about 3 years, a differential pension age is recommended.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Vol/bind45
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)459-462
ISSN1403-4948
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

Fingeraftryk

Pensions
Denmark
Life Expectancy
Education
Retirement
Health Surveys

Emneord

  • Disability-free life expectancy
  • Education
  • Health expectancy
  • Life expectancy
  • Pension age
  • Social ineqaulity

Citer dette

@article{59e31ef731c94c8b866bdd8f39579852,
title = "Persistent social inequality in life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy: Outlook for a differential pension age in Denmark?",
abstract = "AIMS: The state old-age pension in Denmark increases to keep pace with the projected increase in average life expectancy (LE) without any regard to the social gap in LE and expected lifetime in good health. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in LE and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) between groups of Danes with high, medium and low levels of education.METHODS: Nationwide register data on education and mortality were combined with data from the Surveys of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) surveys in 2006-2007, 2010-2011 and 2013-2014 and the DFLE by educational level was estimated by Sullivan's method for each of these three time points.RESULTS: Between 2006-2007 and 2013-2014, LE among 65-year-old men and women with a low educational level increased by 1.3 and 1.0 years, respectively, and by 1.4 and 1.3 years for highly educated men and women. The gap in LE between people with high and low levels of education remained more than 2 years. In 2006-2007, 65-year-old men with a high level of education could expect 3.2 more years without disability than men of the same age with a low level of education. In 2013-2014, the difference was 2.9 years. For women, the results were 3.7 and 3.4 years, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: With the persistent social inequality in LE of more than 2 years and the continuous gap between high and low educational groups in DFLE of about 3 years, a differential pension age is recommended.",
keywords = "Aged, Denmark, Disabled Persons, Educational Status, Female, Health Status Disparities, Humans, Life Expectancy, Male, Pensions, Journal Article, Disability-free life expectancy, Education, Health expectancy, Life expectancy, Pension age, Social ineqaulity",
author = "Henrik Br{\o}nnum-Hansen and Eriksen, {Mette Lindholm} and Karen Andersen-Ranberg and Bernard Jeune",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1177/1403494816683591",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "459--462",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1403-4948",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Persistent social inequality in life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy

T2 - Outlook for a differential pension age in Denmark?

AU - Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik

AU - Eriksen, Mette Lindholm

AU - Andersen-Ranberg, Karen

AU - Jeune, Bernard

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - AIMS: The state old-age pension in Denmark increases to keep pace with the projected increase in average life expectancy (LE) without any regard to the social gap in LE and expected lifetime in good health. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in LE and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) between groups of Danes with high, medium and low levels of education.METHODS: Nationwide register data on education and mortality were combined with data from the Surveys of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) surveys in 2006-2007, 2010-2011 and 2013-2014 and the DFLE by educational level was estimated by Sullivan's method for each of these three time points.RESULTS: Between 2006-2007 and 2013-2014, LE among 65-year-old men and women with a low educational level increased by 1.3 and 1.0 years, respectively, and by 1.4 and 1.3 years for highly educated men and women. The gap in LE between people with high and low levels of education remained more than 2 years. In 2006-2007, 65-year-old men with a high level of education could expect 3.2 more years without disability than men of the same age with a low level of education. In 2013-2014, the difference was 2.9 years. For women, the results were 3.7 and 3.4 years, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: With the persistent social inequality in LE of more than 2 years and the continuous gap between high and low educational groups in DFLE of about 3 years, a differential pension age is recommended.

AB - AIMS: The state old-age pension in Denmark increases to keep pace with the projected increase in average life expectancy (LE) without any regard to the social gap in LE and expected lifetime in good health. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in LE and disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) between groups of Danes with high, medium and low levels of education.METHODS: Nationwide register data on education and mortality were combined with data from the Surveys of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) surveys in 2006-2007, 2010-2011 and 2013-2014 and the DFLE by educational level was estimated by Sullivan's method for each of these three time points.RESULTS: Between 2006-2007 and 2013-2014, LE among 65-year-old men and women with a low educational level increased by 1.3 and 1.0 years, respectively, and by 1.4 and 1.3 years for highly educated men and women. The gap in LE between people with high and low levels of education remained more than 2 years. In 2006-2007, 65-year-old men with a high level of education could expect 3.2 more years without disability than men of the same age with a low level of education. In 2013-2014, the difference was 2.9 years. For women, the results were 3.7 and 3.4 years, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: With the persistent social inequality in LE of more than 2 years and the continuous gap between high and low educational groups in DFLE of about 3 years, a differential pension age is recommended.

KW - Aged

KW - Denmark

KW - Disabled Persons

KW - Educational Status

KW - Female

KW - Health Status Disparities

KW - Humans

KW - Life Expectancy

KW - Male

KW - Pensions

KW - Journal Article

KW - Disability-free life expectancy

KW - Education

KW - Health expectancy

KW - Life expectancy

KW - Pension age

KW - Social ineqaulity

U2 - 10.1177/1403494816683591

DO - 10.1177/1403494816683591

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28539109

VL - 45

SP - 459

EP - 462

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

SN - 1403-4948

IS - 4

ER -