Administration of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors suppresses the pathogenesis associated with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). In the present study, we compared the effects of rolipram and 4-[2-(3,4-bis-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-2-[4-(1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-phenyl]-ethyl]-3-methylpyridine-1-oxide (L-826,141), a novel nonbrain penetrant PDE4 inhibitor, on the onset and severity of clinical signs in a chronic, nonrelapsing/remitting model of EAE. Both rolipram (10 mg/kg p.o.) and L-826,141 (3 mg/kg p.o.) reduced the severity of EAE relative to controls, whereas L-826,141 (3 mg/kg p.o.) also delayed disease onset. To assess whether L-826,141 prevented EAE progression after the first signs of clinical onset, rolipram (10 mg/kg p.o.) or L-826,141 (3 or 30 mg/kg p.o.) were administered 24 h after the first signs of EAE were observed. Only L-826,141 at a dose of 30 mg/kg p.o. significantly decreased the clinical severity of EAE compared with vehicle controls. Immunohistochemical detection of the neuronal activity marker Fos confirmed that L-826,141 did not reach concentrations in the central nervous system sufficient to activate central neurons. Lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha in whole blood and plasma concentrations of L-826,141 revealed that only the 30-mg/kg dose resulted in levels sufficient to produce a near complete inhibition of PDE4 activity in immune cells. Taken together, these results demonstrate that peripheral PDE4 inhibition, produced by L-826,141, prevents the progression of EAE after the first onset of clinical signs, and suggest that similar compounds may have clinical efficacy in the treatment of MS.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Status||Udgivet - 2006|
Bibliografisk notePaper id:: PMID: 16809479 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Moore, C. S., Earl, N., Frenette, R., Styhler, A., Mancini, J. A., Nicholson, D. W., Hebb, A., Owens, T., & Robertson, G. S. (2006). Peripheral phosphodiesterase 4 inhibition produced by 4-[2-(3,4-Bis-difluoromethoxyphenyl)-2-[4-(1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-phenyl]-ethyl]-3-methylpyridine-1-oxide (L-826,141) prevents experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 319(1), 63-72. https://doi.org/10.1124/jpet.106.106096