Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries: The IPEN Study

Jacqueline Kerr, Jennifer A Emond, Hannah Badland, Rodrigo Reis, Olga Sarmiento, Jordan Carlson, James F Sallis, Ester Cerin, Kelli Cain, Terry Conway, Grant Schofield, Duncan J Macfarlane, Lars B Christiansen, Delfien Van Dyck, Rachel Davey, Ines Aguinaga-Ontoso, Deborah Salvo, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen, Josef MitášLoki Natarajan

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INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of walking and cycling for transport is low, varying greatly across countries. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions related to walking and cycling for transport in different countries. Therefore it is challenging to prioritize appropriate built environment interventions. The aim of this study was to examine the strength and shape of the relationship between adults' neighborhood perceptions and walking and cycling for transport across diverse environments.

METHODS: As part of the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN) adult project, self-report data were taken from 13,745 adults (18 - 65 years) living in physically and socially diverse neighborhoods in 17 cities across 12 countries. Neighborhood perceptions were measured using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and walking and cycling for transport were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Long Form. Generalized additive mixed models were used to model walking or cycling for transport during the last seven days with neighborhood perceptions. Interactions by city were explored.

RESULTS: Walking for transport outcomes were significantly associated with perceived residential density, land use mix access, street connectivity, aesthetics, and safety. Any cycling for transport was significantly related to perceived land use mix access, street connectivity, infrastructure, aesthetics, safety, and perceived distance to destinations. Between-city differences existed for some attributes in relation to walking or cycling for transport.

CONCLUSIONS: Many perceived environmental attributes supported both cycling and walking; however highly walkable environments may not support cycling for transport. People appear to walk for transport despite safety concerns. These findings can guide the implementation of global health strategies.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Vol/bind124
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)290-298
ISSN0091-6765
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

Fingeraftryk

Exercise
Safety
Self Report

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Kerr, Jacqueline ; Emond, Jennifer A ; Badland, Hannah ; Reis, Rodrigo ; Sarmiento, Olga ; Carlson, Jordan ; Sallis, James F ; Cerin, Ester ; Cain, Kelli ; Conway, Terry ; Schofield, Grant ; Macfarlane, Duncan J ; Christiansen, Lars B ; Van Dyck, Delfien ; Davey, Rachel ; Aguinaga-Ontoso, Ines ; Salvo, Deborah ; Sugiyama, Takemi ; Owen, Neville ; Mitáš, Josef ; Natarajan, Loki. / Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries : The IPEN Study. I: Environmental Health Perspectives. 2016 ; Bind 124, Nr. 3. s. 290-298.
@article{609ea387cee849ffb92df98b7a7931d3,
title = "Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries: The IPEN Study",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of walking and cycling for transport is low, varying greatly across countries. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions related to walking and cycling for transport in different countries. Therefore it is challenging to prioritize appropriate built environment interventions. The aim of this study was to examine the strength and shape of the relationship between adults' neighborhood perceptions and walking and cycling for transport across diverse environments.METHODS: As part of the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN) adult project, self-report data were taken from 13,745 adults (18 - 65 years) living in physically and socially diverse neighborhoods in 17 cities across 12 countries. Neighborhood perceptions were measured using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and walking and cycling for transport were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Long Form. Generalized additive mixed models were used to model walking or cycling for transport during the last seven days with neighborhood perceptions. Interactions by city were explored.RESULTS: Walking for transport outcomes were significantly associated with perceived residential density, land use mix access, street connectivity, aesthetics, and safety. Any cycling for transport was significantly related to perceived land use mix access, street connectivity, infrastructure, aesthetics, safety, and perceived distance to destinations. Between-city differences existed for some attributes in relation to walking or cycling for transport.CONCLUSIONS: Many perceived environmental attributes supported both cycling and walking; however highly walkable environments may not support cycling for transport. People appear to walk for transport despite safety concerns. These findings can guide the implementation of global health strategies.",
author = "Jacqueline Kerr and Emond, {Jennifer A} and Hannah Badland and Rodrigo Reis and Olga Sarmiento and Jordan Carlson and Sallis, {James F} and Ester Cerin and Kelli Cain and Terry Conway and Grant Schofield and Macfarlane, {Duncan J} and Christiansen, {Lars B} and {Van Dyck}, Delfien and Rachel Davey and Ines Aguinaga-Ontoso and Deborah Salvo and Takemi Sugiyama and Neville Owen and Josef Mit{\'a}š and Loki Natarajan",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1289/ehp.1409466",
language = "English",
volume = "124",
pages = "290--298",
journal = "Environmental Health Perspectives",
issn = "0091-6765",
publisher = "National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences",
number = "3",

}

Kerr, J, Emond, JA, Badland, H, Reis, R, Sarmiento, O, Carlson, J, Sallis, JF, Cerin, E, Cain, K, Conway, T, Schofield, G, Macfarlane, DJ, Christiansen, LB, Van Dyck, D, Davey, R, Aguinaga-Ontoso, I, Salvo, D, Sugiyama, T, Owen, N, Mitáš, J & Natarajan, L 2016, 'Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries: The IPEN Study', Environmental Health Perspectives, bind 124, nr. 3, s. 290-298. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409466

Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries : The IPEN Study. / Kerr, Jacqueline; Emond, Jennifer A; Badland, Hannah; Reis, Rodrigo; Sarmiento, Olga; Carlson, Jordan; Sallis, James F; Cerin, Ester; Cain, Kelli; Conway, Terry; Schofield, Grant; Macfarlane, Duncan J; Christiansen, Lars B; Van Dyck, Delfien; Davey, Rachel; Aguinaga-Ontoso, Ines; Salvo, Deborah; Sugiyama, Takemi; Owen, Neville; Mitáš, Josef; Natarajan, Loki.

I: Environmental Health Perspectives, Bind 124, Nr. 3, 2016, s. 290-298.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries

T2 - The IPEN Study

AU - Kerr, Jacqueline

AU - Emond, Jennifer A

AU - Badland, Hannah

AU - Reis, Rodrigo

AU - Sarmiento, Olga

AU - Carlson, Jordan

AU - Sallis, James F

AU - Cerin, Ester

AU - Cain, Kelli

AU - Conway, Terry

AU - Schofield, Grant

AU - Macfarlane, Duncan J

AU - Christiansen, Lars B

AU - Van Dyck, Delfien

AU - Davey, Rachel

AU - Aguinaga-Ontoso, Ines

AU - Salvo, Deborah

AU - Sugiyama, Takemi

AU - Owen, Neville

AU - Mitáš, Josef

AU - Natarajan, Loki

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of walking and cycling for transport is low, varying greatly across countries. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions related to walking and cycling for transport in different countries. Therefore it is challenging to prioritize appropriate built environment interventions. The aim of this study was to examine the strength and shape of the relationship between adults' neighborhood perceptions and walking and cycling for transport across diverse environments.METHODS: As part of the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN) adult project, self-report data were taken from 13,745 adults (18 - 65 years) living in physically and socially diverse neighborhoods in 17 cities across 12 countries. Neighborhood perceptions were measured using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and walking and cycling for transport were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Long Form. Generalized additive mixed models were used to model walking or cycling for transport during the last seven days with neighborhood perceptions. Interactions by city were explored.RESULTS: Walking for transport outcomes were significantly associated with perceived residential density, land use mix access, street connectivity, aesthetics, and safety. Any cycling for transport was significantly related to perceived land use mix access, street connectivity, infrastructure, aesthetics, safety, and perceived distance to destinations. Between-city differences existed for some attributes in relation to walking or cycling for transport.CONCLUSIONS: Many perceived environmental attributes supported both cycling and walking; however highly walkable environments may not support cycling for transport. People appear to walk for transport despite safety concerns. These findings can guide the implementation of global health strategies.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of walking and cycling for transport is low, varying greatly across countries. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions related to walking and cycling for transport in different countries. Therefore it is challenging to prioritize appropriate built environment interventions. The aim of this study was to examine the strength and shape of the relationship between adults' neighborhood perceptions and walking and cycling for transport across diverse environments.METHODS: As part of the International Physical activity and Environment Network (IPEN) adult project, self-report data were taken from 13,745 adults (18 - 65 years) living in physically and socially diverse neighborhoods in 17 cities across 12 countries. Neighborhood perceptions were measured using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, and walking and cycling for transport were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Long Form. Generalized additive mixed models were used to model walking or cycling for transport during the last seven days with neighborhood perceptions. Interactions by city were explored.RESULTS: Walking for transport outcomes were significantly associated with perceived residential density, land use mix access, street connectivity, aesthetics, and safety. Any cycling for transport was significantly related to perceived land use mix access, street connectivity, infrastructure, aesthetics, safety, and perceived distance to destinations. Between-city differences existed for some attributes in relation to walking or cycling for transport.CONCLUSIONS: Many perceived environmental attributes supported both cycling and walking; however highly walkable environments may not support cycling for transport. People appear to walk for transport despite safety concerns. These findings can guide the implementation of global health strategies.

U2 - 10.1289/ehp.1409466

DO - 10.1289/ehp.1409466

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26186801

VL - 124

SP - 290

EP - 298

JO - Environmental Health Perspectives

JF - Environmental Health Perspectives

SN - 0091-6765

IS - 3

ER -