Patterns of Childhood Abuse and Dating Violence Victimization Among Early Adolescents From Denmark

A Latent Class Approach

Sidsel Karsberg*, Ruby Charak, Mathias Lasgaard, Rikke Holm Bramsen, Nina Beck Hansen, Ask Elklit

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Objective: An emerging body of research has examined patterns of adolescent dating violence (ADV) via person-centered approaches. However, these studies seem limited, as they do not integrate previous victimization as part of the violence typology. The present study explored discrete patterns based on different types of childhood abuse and ADV and the role of differential negative outcomes across these patterns. Method: Data from a large Danish survey on dating violence in early adolescence were used. In total, 1,799 Grade 7 students aged 12-15 years (M = 13.5, SD = .5) were included in the study. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies of childhood abuse and ADV victimization. Results: Four distinct typologies of victimization emerged: a revictimization class (5.3%), a childhood maltreatment class (13.2%), an adolescent dating victimization class (19.4%), and a low victimization class (62.2%). Associations between gender, low socioeconomic status, and ethnic minority status varied across classes. The probability of adolescents who reported that they were female, had low socioeconomic status, and had parents who were immigrants was significantly higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Moreover, probabilities of smoking and excessive alcohol intake were much higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Conclusions: The latent class analytic approach allowed us to identify meaningful subgroups of victims. Owing to the variance in the prevalence of negative health behavioral factors across the victimization subgroups, results point to the potential benefit of targeting subgroups of adolescents as opposed to applying universal prevention strategies for ADV.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPsychology of Violence
Vol/bind9
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)574-585
ISSN2152-0828
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. sep. 2019

Fingeraftryk

Crime Victims
Denmark
victimization
abuse
childhood
violence
adolescent
typology
social status
maltreatment
national minority
adolescence
smoking
parents
school grade
alcohol
immigrant
Parents
Smoking
Alcohols

Citer dette

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title = "Patterns of Childhood Abuse and Dating Violence Victimization Among Early Adolescents From Denmark: A Latent Class Approach",
abstract = "Objective: An emerging body of research has examined patterns of adolescent dating violence (ADV) via person-centered approaches. However, these studies seem limited, as they do not integrate previous victimization as part of the violence typology. The present study explored discrete patterns based on different types of childhood abuse and ADV and the role of differential negative outcomes across these patterns. Method: Data from a large Danish survey on dating violence in early adolescence were used. In total, 1,799 Grade 7 students aged 12-15 years (M = 13.5, SD = .5) were included in the study. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies of childhood abuse and ADV victimization. Results: Four distinct typologies of victimization emerged: a revictimization class (5.3{\%}), a childhood maltreatment class (13.2{\%}), an adolescent dating victimization class (19.4{\%}), and a low victimization class (62.2{\%}). Associations between gender, low socioeconomic status, and ethnic minority status varied across classes. The probability of adolescents who reported that they were female, had low socioeconomic status, and had parents who were immigrants was significantly higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Moreover, probabilities of smoking and excessive alcohol intake were much higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Conclusions: The latent class analytic approach allowed us to identify meaningful subgroups of victims. Owing to the variance in the prevalence of negative health behavioral factors across the victimization subgroups, results point to the potential benefit of targeting subgroups of adolescents as opposed to applying universal prevention strategies for ADV.",
keywords = "Childhood abuse, Dating violence, Latent class analysis, Polyvictimization, Victimization",
author = "Sidsel Karsberg and Ruby Charak and Mathias Lasgaard and Bramsen, {Rikke Holm} and Hansen, {Nina Beck} and Ask Elklit",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/vio0000231",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "574--585",
journal = "Psychology of Violence",
issn = "2152-0828",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
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}

Patterns of Childhood Abuse and Dating Violence Victimization Among Early Adolescents From Denmark : A Latent Class Approach. / Karsberg, Sidsel; Charak, Ruby; Lasgaard, Mathias; Bramsen, Rikke Holm; Hansen, Nina Beck; Elklit, Ask.

I: Psychology of Violence, Bind 9, Nr. 5, 01.09.2019, s. 574-585.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Patterns of Childhood Abuse and Dating Violence Victimization Among Early Adolescents From Denmark

T2 - A Latent Class Approach

AU - Karsberg, Sidsel

AU - Charak, Ruby

AU - Lasgaard, Mathias

AU - Bramsen, Rikke Holm

AU - Hansen, Nina Beck

AU - Elklit, Ask

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - Objective: An emerging body of research has examined patterns of adolescent dating violence (ADV) via person-centered approaches. However, these studies seem limited, as they do not integrate previous victimization as part of the violence typology. The present study explored discrete patterns based on different types of childhood abuse and ADV and the role of differential negative outcomes across these patterns. Method: Data from a large Danish survey on dating violence in early adolescence were used. In total, 1,799 Grade 7 students aged 12-15 years (M = 13.5, SD = .5) were included in the study. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies of childhood abuse and ADV victimization. Results: Four distinct typologies of victimization emerged: a revictimization class (5.3%), a childhood maltreatment class (13.2%), an adolescent dating victimization class (19.4%), and a low victimization class (62.2%). Associations between gender, low socioeconomic status, and ethnic minority status varied across classes. The probability of adolescents who reported that they were female, had low socioeconomic status, and had parents who were immigrants was significantly higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Moreover, probabilities of smoking and excessive alcohol intake were much higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Conclusions: The latent class analytic approach allowed us to identify meaningful subgroups of victims. Owing to the variance in the prevalence of negative health behavioral factors across the victimization subgroups, results point to the potential benefit of targeting subgroups of adolescents as opposed to applying universal prevention strategies for ADV.

AB - Objective: An emerging body of research has examined patterns of adolescent dating violence (ADV) via person-centered approaches. However, these studies seem limited, as they do not integrate previous victimization as part of the violence typology. The present study explored discrete patterns based on different types of childhood abuse and ADV and the role of differential negative outcomes across these patterns. Method: Data from a large Danish survey on dating violence in early adolescence were used. In total, 1,799 Grade 7 students aged 12-15 years (M = 13.5, SD = .5) were included in the study. Latent class analysis was used to identify typologies of childhood abuse and ADV victimization. Results: Four distinct typologies of victimization emerged: a revictimization class (5.3%), a childhood maltreatment class (13.2%), an adolescent dating victimization class (19.4%), and a low victimization class (62.2%). Associations between gender, low socioeconomic status, and ethnic minority status varied across classes. The probability of adolescents who reported that they were female, had low socioeconomic status, and had parents who were immigrants was significantly higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Moreover, probabilities of smoking and excessive alcohol intake were much higher in the revictimization class than the remaining classes. Conclusions: The latent class analytic approach allowed us to identify meaningful subgroups of victims. Owing to the variance in the prevalence of negative health behavioral factors across the victimization subgroups, results point to the potential benefit of targeting subgroups of adolescents as opposed to applying universal prevention strategies for ADV.

KW - Childhood abuse

KW - Dating violence

KW - Latent class analysis

KW - Polyvictimization

KW - Victimization

U2 - 10.1037/vio0000231

DO - 10.1037/vio0000231

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

SP - 574

EP - 585

JO - Psychology of Violence

JF - Psychology of Violence

SN - 2152-0828

IS - 5

ER -