For most patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), R-CHOP immunochemotherapy leads to complete remission and 60–70% of patients remain progression-free after 5 years. Given a median age of 65, it is relevant to disentangle how DLBCL and DLBCL therapy influence health care use among the survivors. In this nationwide study, the health care use among Danish DLBCL patients diagnosed in 2007–2015, who achieved complete remission after R-CHOP(-like) therapy, was explored and compared to matched comparators from the Danish general population. The post-remission 5-year risk of hospitalization was significantly higher among DLBCL survivors (55%) compared to matched comparators (49%, P < 0.001). DLBCL survivors had on average 10.3 (9.3–11.3) inpatient bed days within 5 years of response evaluation, whereas matched comparators had 8.4 (7.9–8.8). The rate of outpatient visits was also significantly higher(excluding routine follow-up visits, incidence rate ratio, 1.3, P < 0.001), but translated into only a very small absolute difference of <1 outpatient visits within 5 years between DLBCL survivors (4.2 visits, 95% CI, 4.0–4.4) and matched comparators (3.8 visits, 95% CI, 3.7–3.9). In conclusion, DLBCL survivors have an increased incidence of hospital visits due to a wide range of conditions, but in absolute terms the excess use of health care services in DLBCL survivors was small.
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