Organising of dynamic proximities enables robustness, innovation and growth: The longitudinal case of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in food producing firm networks

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Abstrakt

This paper aims to illuminate how dynamics of proximities between SMEs in firm networks can develop for enabling innovation and growth. The research is conducted in a longitudinal approach starting in 2007 through qualitative comments provided from 30 SMEs and ending with follow-up interviews with 10 of the respondents in 2017.

The findings show severe pressures experienced by the SMEs from the market, competition and regulatory forces. The longitudinal findings show that complementary proximities of geographical, organisational, temporal, technical, cognitive, vision and especially virtual proximities are important for innovation and growth providing predominantly robustness of the SMEs. The summarization of the findings reveals a model for organising the dynamic interaction of proximities to complement own SME capabilities for utilization of positive open innovation and positive bridging/ bonding of social capital. The proximities have resulted in both short-term cooperation and competition and especially is emphasised long-term collaboration.

A contribution is hereby made to SME networks on how organising of dynamic complementary proximities enable innovation and growth. A contribution is made to literature for understanding the interaction of complementary dynamic proximities, which hitherto have been perceived as a “proximity paradox”. Additionally it provides a platform for public bodies to support SMEs.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIndustrial Marketing Management
Vol/bind75
Sider (fra-til)66-79
ISSN0019-8501
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2018

Emneord

  • Proximity
  • Firm networks
  • Innovation
  • Growth
  • Robustness

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