Operando PXD of Vanadium-Based Nanomaterials as Cathodes for Mg-ion Batteries

Bidragets oversatte titel: Operando pulver diffraktion af vanadiumbaserede nanomaterialer som katode i Mg-ion batterier

Christian Kolle Christensen, Daniel Risskov Sørensen, Jette Mathiesen, Jonas Hyldahl Kristensen, Espen Drath Bøjesen, Bo Brummerstadt Iversen, Dorthe Bomholdt Ravnsbæk

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftPosterForskning

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Abstrakt

Exchanging the active specie, Li+ in Li-ion batteries by multivalent, abundant and cheap cations, such as Mg2+, are projected to boost the energy density and lower the cost per kilo-watt-hour significantly, making the Mg-ion battery technology a promising candidate for one of the battery technologies of the future.1,2
The increase in energy density is i.a. a result of the divalent Mg2+ carrying twice as much charge as the monovalent Li+.1,2 However, the higher charge also poses a problem as it significantly increases the charge density of the ion, which results in stronger interactions with the host lattice of the electrodes and hampers facile ion transport. Therefore, development of novel electrode materials for effective Mg-ion storage is a vital step for the realization of this battery technology.3
In this study, we have synthesized series of vanadium oxides with varying chemical composition and varying nanotopologies, e.g. multiwalledVOx-nanotubes. The mechanism for Mg-intercalation and deintercalation is studied by operando synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction measured during battery operation. These results Mg-intercalation in the multiwalled VOx -nanotubes occurs within the space between the individual vanadium oxide layers building the walls of the nanotubes while the underlying VOx-frameworks constructing the walls are affected only to a minor degree by the intercalation. Our investigation provides new insights into the size requirements of the channels/layers in the host frameworks that will allow for efficient Mg-ion storage.
We thank the Villum Foundation under the Young Investigator Program for funding. We also thank the beamline staff at I711 for their kind assistance and Max-lab for providing beamtime.
References:
1. R. van Noorden, Nature 2014, 507, 26
2. Pellion Technologies, “Moving Beyond Lithium with Low-Cost, High-Energy, Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries”, Pellion White Paper, September 2011
3. P. Saha, M. K. Datta, O. I. Velikokhatnyi, A. Manivannan, D. Alman, P. N. Kumta, Progress in Materials Science 2014, 66, 1.
Bidragets oversatte titelOperando pulver diffraktion af vanadiumbaserede nanomaterialer som katode i Mg-ion batterier
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato26. maj 2016
StatusUdgivet - 26. maj 2016
BegivenhedDANSCATT annual meeting 2016 - Auditorium A3, Universitetsparken 2, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark, Copenhagen, Danmark
Varighed: 26. maj 201627. maj 2016
http://www.danscatt.dk/

Konference

KonferenceDANSCATT annual meeting 2016
LokationAuditorium A3, Universitetsparken 2, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Land/OmrådeDanmark
ByCopenhagen
Periode26/05/201627/05/2016
Internetadresse

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