One measure cannot trump it all: lessons from NATO’s early burden-sharing debates

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

This paper calls for a qualitative turn in discussing NATO burden-sharing. The paper takes issue with the numerical burden-sharing narrative in NATO and identifies its two main problems. Despite being simple, the 2% defence spending pledge lacks other basic attributes of any contributory system: fairness and effectiveness. Drawing from concepts of distributive justice, the paper analyses NATO’s first burden-sharing debates and demonstrates that due to their qualitatively different capabilities, the allies agreed on an egalitarian ability-to-pay distributive justice. Furthermore, it shows that the allies refrained from implementing fairness in terms of a one-size-fits-all formula, since this simple numerical approach could not produce fair and effective burden-sharing at the same time. Rather, they developed a dynamic framework for optimal sharing. These formative burden-sharing debates provide valuable lessons learned for the current build-up of NATO’s posture: less focused on formal sharing, more concerned with strategic outputs.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Security
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)552-574
ISSN0966-2839
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 4. aug. 2017
Udgivet eksterntJa

Fingeraftryk

NATO
distributive justice
allies
fairness
narrative
lack
ability

Citer dette

@article{ae25bea352814806b0d4a071fc00fd16,
title = "One measure cannot trump it all: lessons from NATO’s early burden-sharing debates",
abstract = "This paper calls for a qualitative turn in discussing NATO burden-sharing. The paper takes issue with the numerical burden-sharing narrative in NATO and identifies its two main problems. Despite being simple, the 2{\%} defence spending pledge lacks other basic attributes of any contributory system: fairness and effectiveness. Drawing from concepts of distributive justice, the paper analyses NATO’s first burden-sharing debates and demonstrates that due to their qualitatively different capabilities, the allies agreed on an egalitarian ability-to-pay distributive justice. Furthermore, it shows that the allies refrained from implementing fairness in terms of a one-size-fits-all formula, since this simple numerical approach could not produce fair and effective burden-sharing at the same time. Rather, they developed a dynamic framework for optimal sharing. These formative burden-sharing debates provide valuable lessons learned for the current build-up of NATO’s posture: less focused on formal sharing, more concerned with strategic outputs.",
author = "Dominika Kunertova",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1080/09662839.2017.1353495",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "552--574",
journal = "European Security",
issn = "0966-2839",
publisher = "Heinemann",
number = "4",

}

One measure cannot trump it all: lessons from NATO’s early burden-sharing debates. / Kunertova, Dominika.

I: European Security, Bind 26, Nr. 4, 04.08.2017, s. 552-574.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - One measure cannot trump it all: lessons from NATO’s early burden-sharing debates

AU - Kunertova, Dominika

PY - 2017/8/4

Y1 - 2017/8/4

N2 - This paper calls for a qualitative turn in discussing NATO burden-sharing. The paper takes issue with the numerical burden-sharing narrative in NATO and identifies its two main problems. Despite being simple, the 2% defence spending pledge lacks other basic attributes of any contributory system: fairness and effectiveness. Drawing from concepts of distributive justice, the paper analyses NATO’s first burden-sharing debates and demonstrates that due to their qualitatively different capabilities, the allies agreed on an egalitarian ability-to-pay distributive justice. Furthermore, it shows that the allies refrained from implementing fairness in terms of a one-size-fits-all formula, since this simple numerical approach could not produce fair and effective burden-sharing at the same time. Rather, they developed a dynamic framework for optimal sharing. These formative burden-sharing debates provide valuable lessons learned for the current build-up of NATO’s posture: less focused on formal sharing, more concerned with strategic outputs.

AB - This paper calls for a qualitative turn in discussing NATO burden-sharing. The paper takes issue with the numerical burden-sharing narrative in NATO and identifies its two main problems. Despite being simple, the 2% defence spending pledge lacks other basic attributes of any contributory system: fairness and effectiveness. Drawing from concepts of distributive justice, the paper analyses NATO’s first burden-sharing debates and demonstrates that due to their qualitatively different capabilities, the allies agreed on an egalitarian ability-to-pay distributive justice. Furthermore, it shows that the allies refrained from implementing fairness in terms of a one-size-fits-all formula, since this simple numerical approach could not produce fair and effective burden-sharing at the same time. Rather, they developed a dynamic framework for optimal sharing. These formative burden-sharing debates provide valuable lessons learned for the current build-up of NATO’s posture: less focused on formal sharing, more concerned with strategic outputs.

U2 - 10.1080/09662839.2017.1353495

DO - 10.1080/09662839.2017.1353495

M3 - Journal article

VL - 26

SP - 552

EP - 574

JO - European Security

JF - European Security

SN - 0966-2839

IS - 4

ER -