On Convergence of the Unscented Kalman-Bucy Filter using Contraction Theory

J.P. Maree, Lars Imsland, Jerome Jouffroy

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Abstrakt

Contraction theory entails a theoretical framework in which convergence of a nonlinear system can be analysed differentially in an appropriate contraction metric. This paper is concerned with utilizing stochastic contraction theory to conclude on exponential convergence of the Unscented Kalman-Bucy Filter. The underlying process and measurement models of interest are Itô-type stochastic differential equations. In particular, statistical linearisation techniques are employed in a virtual-actual systems framework to establish deterministic contraction of the estimated expected mean of process values. Under mild conditions of bounded process noise, we extend the results on deterministic contraction to stochastic contraction of the estimated expected mean of process state. It follows that for regions of contraction, a result on convergence, and thereby incremental stability, is concluded for the Unscented Kalman-Bucy Filter. The theoretical concepts are illustrated in two case studies.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Systems Science
Vol/bind47
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1816-1827
ISSN0020-7721
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

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