On-chip excitation of single germanium vacancies in nanodiamonds embedded in plasmonic waveguides

Hamidreza Siampour, Shailesh Kumar, Valery A. Davydov, Liudmila F. Kulikova, Viatcheslav N. Agafonov, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi

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Monolithic integration of quantum emitters in nanoscale plasmonic circuitry requires low-loss plasmonic configurations capable of confining light well below the diffraction limit. We demonstrated on-chip remote excitation of nanodiamond-embedded single quantum emitters by plasmonic modes of dielectric ridges atop colloidal silver crystals. The nanodiamonds were produced to incorporate single germanium-vacancy (GeV) centres, providing bright, spectrally narrow and stable single-photon sources suitable for highly integrated circuits. Using electron-beam lithography with hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSQ) resist, dielectric-loaded surface plasmon polariton waveguides (DLSPPWs) were fabricated on single crystalline silver plates to contain those of deposited nanodiamonds that are found to feature appropriate single GeV centres. The low-loss plasmonic configuration enabled the 532-nm pump laser light to propagate on-chip in the DLSPPW and reach to an embedded nanodiamond where a single GeV centre was incorporated. The remote GeV emitter was thereby excited and coupled to spatially confined DLSPPW modes with an outstanding figure-of-merit of 180 due to a ~six-fold Purcell enhancement, ~56% coupling efficiency and ~33 μm transmission length, thereby opening new avenues for the implementation of nanoscale functional quantum devices.

TidsskriftLight: Science & Applications
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 12. sep. 2018


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