Omics-based approach reveals complement-mediated inflammation in chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS)

Morten Blaabjerg, Anne Louise Hemdrup, Lylia Drici, Klemens Ruprecht, Peter Garred, Romana Höftberger, Bjarne W. Kristensen, Daniel Kondziella, Tobias Sejbaek, Soren W. Hansen, Helle H. Nielsen, Pia Jensen, Morten Meyer, Friedemann Paul, Hans Lassmann, Martin R. Larsen, Zsolt Illes*

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

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Resumé

Objective: Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is a rare syndrome with relapsing brainstem/cerebellar symptoms. To examine the pathogenic processes and investigate potential biomarkers, we analyzed combined materials of brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by comprehensive methodologies.

Materials and methods: To identify major pathways of perivascular inflammation in CLIPPERS, we first compared the CSF proteome ( n  = 5) to a neurodegenerative condition, Alzheimer's disease (AD, n  = 5). Activation of complement was confirmed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on CLIPPERS brain samples ( n  = 3) and by ELISA in the CSF. For potential biomarkers, we used biomarker arrays, and compared inflammatory and vessel-associated proteins in the CSF of CLIPPERS ( n  = 5) with another inflammatory relapsing CNS disease, multiple sclerosis (RMS, n  = 9) and healthy subjects (HS, n  = 7).

Results: Two hundred and seven proteins in the CSF discriminated CLIPPERS from AD. The complement cascade, immunoglobulins, and matrix proteins were among the most frequently represented pathways. Pathway analysis of upstream regulators suggested the importance of vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM1), IFN-γ, interleukin (IL)-1, and IL-10. Differential regulation of more than 10 complement proteins of the 3 complement pathways in the CSF pointed to the role of complement activation. IHC on brain samples confirmed the perivascular complement activation, i.e., deposition of C3bc, C3d, and the terminal C5b-9 complement complex that partially overlapped with accumulation of IgG in the vessel wall. Besides endothelial cell damage, reactivity to smooth muscle actin was lost in the walls of inflamed vessels, but the glia limitans was preserved. The semi-quantitative array indicated that increased level of IL-8/CXCL8 ( p  < 0.05), eotaxin/CCL11 ( p  < 0.01), and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor ( p  < 0.05) in CSF could distinguish CLIPPERS from HS. The quantitative array confirmed elevated concentration of IL-8/CXCL8 and eotaxin/CCL11 compared to HS ( p  < 0.05, respectively) besides increased levels of ICAM-1 ( p  < 0.05) and VCAM-1 ( p  < 0.001). The increased concentration of VCAM-1 were able to differentiate CLIPPERS from RMS ( p  < 0.01), and a trend of elevated levels of ICAM-1 and IL-8/CXCL8 compared to RMS was also observed ( p  = 0.06, respectively).

Conclusion: Complement activation, IgG deposition, and alterations of the extracellular matrix may contribute to inflammation in CLIPPERS. VCAM1, ICAM1, and IL-8 in the CSF may differentiate CLIPPERS from RMS.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer741
TidsskriftFrontiers in Immunology
Vol/bind9
Antal sider13
ISSN1664-3224
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2018

Fingeraftryk

Cerebrospinal Fluid
Interleukin-8
Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins
Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Complement Membrane Attack Complex
Central Nervous System Diseases
Proteome
Cell Adhesion
Neuroglia
Interleukin-10
Smooth Muscle
Actins
Alzheimer Disease
Proteins

Citer dette

@article{42f6fb5fd5b04b9eb445d6f3d86289fe,
title = "Omics-based approach reveals complement-mediated inflammation in chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS)",
abstract = "Objective: Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is a rare syndrome with relapsing brainstem/cerebellar symptoms. To examine the pathogenic processes and investigate potential biomarkers, we analyzed combined materials of brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by comprehensive methodologies.Materials and methods: To identify major pathways of perivascular inflammation in CLIPPERS, we first compared the CSF proteome ( n  = 5) to a neurodegenerative condition, Alzheimer's disease (AD, n  = 5). Activation of complement was confirmed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on CLIPPERS brain samples ( n  = 3) and by ELISA in the CSF. For potential biomarkers, we used biomarker arrays, and compared inflammatory and vessel-associated proteins in the CSF of CLIPPERS ( n  = 5) with another inflammatory relapsing CNS disease, multiple sclerosis (RMS, n  = 9) and healthy subjects (HS, n  = 7). Results: Two hundred and seven proteins in the CSF discriminated CLIPPERS from AD. The complement cascade, immunoglobulins, and matrix proteins were among the most frequently represented pathways. Pathway analysis of upstream regulators suggested the importance of vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM1), IFN-γ, interleukin (IL)-1, and IL-10. Differential regulation of more than 10 complement proteins of the 3 complement pathways in the CSF pointed to the role of complement activation. IHC on brain samples confirmed the perivascular complement activation, i.e., deposition of C3bc, C3d, and the terminal C5b-9 complement complex that partially overlapped with accumulation of IgG in the vessel wall. Besides endothelial cell damage, reactivity to smooth muscle actin was lost in the walls of inflamed vessels, but the glia limitans was preserved. The semi-quantitative array indicated that increased level of IL-8/CXCL8 ( p  < 0.05), eotaxin/CCL11 ( p  < 0.01), and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor ( p  < 0.05) in CSF could distinguish CLIPPERS from HS. The quantitative array confirmed elevated concentration of IL-8/CXCL8 and eotaxin/CCL11 compared to HS ( p  < 0.05, respectively) besides increased levels of ICAM-1 ( p  < 0.05) and VCAM-1 ( p  < 0.001). The increased concentration of VCAM-1 were able to differentiate CLIPPERS from RMS ( p  < 0.01), and a trend of elevated levels of ICAM-1 and IL-8/CXCL8 compared to RMS was also observed ( p  = 0.06, respectively). Conclusion: Complement activation, IgG deposition, and alterations of the extracellular matrix may contribute to inflammation in CLIPPERS. VCAM1, ICAM1, and IL-8 in the CSF may differentiate CLIPPERS from RMS.",
keywords = "Cerebrospinal fluid, CLIPPERS, Complement, ICAM-1, Interleukin-8, Multiple sclerosis, Proteomics, VCAM-1",
author = "Morten Blaabjerg and Hemdrup, {Anne Louise} and Lylia Drici and Klemens Ruprecht and Peter Garred and Romana H{\"o}ftberger and Kristensen, {Bjarne W.} and Daniel Kondziella and Tobias Sejbaek and Hansen, {Soren W.} and Nielsen, {Helle H.} and Pia Jensen and Morten Meyer and Friedemann Paul and Hans Lassmann and Larsen, {Martin R.} and Zsolt Illes",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.3389/fimmu.2018.00741",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Frontiers in Immunology",
issn = "1664-3224",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

Omics-based approach reveals complement-mediated inflammation in chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS). / Blaabjerg, Morten; Hemdrup, Anne Louise; Drici, Lylia; Ruprecht, Klemens; Garred, Peter; Höftberger, Romana; Kristensen, Bjarne W.; Kondziella, Daniel; Sejbaek, Tobias; Hansen, Soren W.; Nielsen, Helle H.; Jensen, Pia; Meyer, Morten; Paul, Friedemann; Lassmann, Hans; Larsen, Martin R.; Illes, Zsolt.

I: Frontiers in Immunology, Bind 9, 741, 2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Omics-based approach reveals complement-mediated inflammation in chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS)

AU - Blaabjerg, Morten

AU - Hemdrup, Anne Louise

AU - Drici, Lylia

AU - Ruprecht, Klemens

AU - Garred, Peter

AU - Höftberger, Romana

AU - Kristensen, Bjarne W.

AU - Kondziella, Daniel

AU - Sejbaek, Tobias

AU - Hansen, Soren W.

AU - Nielsen, Helle H.

AU - Jensen, Pia

AU - Meyer, Morten

AU - Paul, Friedemann

AU - Lassmann, Hans

AU - Larsen, Martin R.

AU - Illes, Zsolt

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Objective: Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is a rare syndrome with relapsing brainstem/cerebellar symptoms. To examine the pathogenic processes and investigate potential biomarkers, we analyzed combined materials of brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by comprehensive methodologies.Materials and methods: To identify major pathways of perivascular inflammation in CLIPPERS, we first compared the CSF proteome ( n  = 5) to a neurodegenerative condition, Alzheimer's disease (AD, n  = 5). Activation of complement was confirmed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on CLIPPERS brain samples ( n  = 3) and by ELISA in the CSF. For potential biomarkers, we used biomarker arrays, and compared inflammatory and vessel-associated proteins in the CSF of CLIPPERS ( n  = 5) with another inflammatory relapsing CNS disease, multiple sclerosis (RMS, n  = 9) and healthy subjects (HS, n  = 7). Results: Two hundred and seven proteins in the CSF discriminated CLIPPERS from AD. The complement cascade, immunoglobulins, and matrix proteins were among the most frequently represented pathways. Pathway analysis of upstream regulators suggested the importance of vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM1), IFN-γ, interleukin (IL)-1, and IL-10. Differential regulation of more than 10 complement proteins of the 3 complement pathways in the CSF pointed to the role of complement activation. IHC on brain samples confirmed the perivascular complement activation, i.e., deposition of C3bc, C3d, and the terminal C5b-9 complement complex that partially overlapped with accumulation of IgG in the vessel wall. Besides endothelial cell damage, reactivity to smooth muscle actin was lost in the walls of inflamed vessels, but the glia limitans was preserved. The semi-quantitative array indicated that increased level of IL-8/CXCL8 ( p  < 0.05), eotaxin/CCL11 ( p  < 0.01), and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor ( p  < 0.05) in CSF could distinguish CLIPPERS from HS. The quantitative array confirmed elevated concentration of IL-8/CXCL8 and eotaxin/CCL11 compared to HS ( p  < 0.05, respectively) besides increased levels of ICAM-1 ( p  < 0.05) and VCAM-1 ( p  < 0.001). The increased concentration of VCAM-1 were able to differentiate CLIPPERS from RMS ( p  < 0.01), and a trend of elevated levels of ICAM-1 and IL-8/CXCL8 compared to RMS was also observed ( p  = 0.06, respectively). Conclusion: Complement activation, IgG deposition, and alterations of the extracellular matrix may contribute to inflammation in CLIPPERS. VCAM1, ICAM1, and IL-8 in the CSF may differentiate CLIPPERS from RMS.

AB - Objective: Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is a rare syndrome with relapsing brainstem/cerebellar symptoms. To examine the pathogenic processes and investigate potential biomarkers, we analyzed combined materials of brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by comprehensive methodologies.Materials and methods: To identify major pathways of perivascular inflammation in CLIPPERS, we first compared the CSF proteome ( n  = 5) to a neurodegenerative condition, Alzheimer's disease (AD, n  = 5). Activation of complement was confirmed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) on CLIPPERS brain samples ( n  = 3) and by ELISA in the CSF. For potential biomarkers, we used biomarker arrays, and compared inflammatory and vessel-associated proteins in the CSF of CLIPPERS ( n  = 5) with another inflammatory relapsing CNS disease, multiple sclerosis (RMS, n  = 9) and healthy subjects (HS, n  = 7). Results: Two hundred and seven proteins in the CSF discriminated CLIPPERS from AD. The complement cascade, immunoglobulins, and matrix proteins were among the most frequently represented pathways. Pathway analysis of upstream regulators suggested the importance of vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM1), IFN-γ, interleukin (IL)-1, and IL-10. Differential regulation of more than 10 complement proteins of the 3 complement pathways in the CSF pointed to the role of complement activation. IHC on brain samples confirmed the perivascular complement activation, i.e., deposition of C3bc, C3d, and the terminal C5b-9 complement complex that partially overlapped with accumulation of IgG in the vessel wall. Besides endothelial cell damage, reactivity to smooth muscle actin was lost in the walls of inflamed vessels, but the glia limitans was preserved. The semi-quantitative array indicated that increased level of IL-8/CXCL8 ( p  < 0.05), eotaxin/CCL11 ( p  < 0.01), and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor ( p  < 0.05) in CSF could distinguish CLIPPERS from HS. The quantitative array confirmed elevated concentration of IL-8/CXCL8 and eotaxin/CCL11 compared to HS ( p  < 0.05, respectively) besides increased levels of ICAM-1 ( p  < 0.05) and VCAM-1 ( p  < 0.001). The increased concentration of VCAM-1 were able to differentiate CLIPPERS from RMS ( p  < 0.01), and a trend of elevated levels of ICAM-1 and IL-8/CXCL8 compared to RMS was also observed ( p  = 0.06, respectively). Conclusion: Complement activation, IgG deposition, and alterations of the extracellular matrix may contribute to inflammation in CLIPPERS. VCAM1, ICAM1, and IL-8 in the CSF may differentiate CLIPPERS from RMS.

KW - Cerebrospinal fluid

KW - CLIPPERS

KW - Complement

KW - ICAM-1

KW - Interleukin-8

KW - Multiple sclerosis

KW - Proteomics

KW - VCAM-1

U2 - 10.3389/fimmu.2018.00741

DO - 10.3389/fimmu.2018.00741

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29740431

AN - SCOPUS:85045882395

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Immunology

JF - Frontiers in Immunology

SN - 1664-3224

M1 - 741

ER -