Occupational accidents in the Danish merchant fleet and the nationality of seafarers

Balázs Ádám, Hanna Barbara Rasmussen, Randi Nørgaard Fløe Pedersen, Jørgen Riis Jepsen

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Resumé

Background
The aim of the study was to examine occupational accidents reported from non-passenger merchant ships registered in the Danish International Ship Register in 2010-2012, with a focus on analysing nationality differences in the risk of getting injured in an accident.
Methods
Data about notified occupational accidents were collected from notifications sent to the Danish Maritime Authority and from records of contact with Danish Radio Medical. Events were matched by personal identification and accident data to create a unified database. Stratified cumulative time spent on board by seafarers was used to calculate accident rates. Incidence rates of different nationalities were compared by Poisson regression.
Results
Western European seafarers had an overall accident rate of 17.5 per 100000 person-days, which proved to be significantly higher than that of Eastern European, South East Asian and Indian seaman (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.53, 0.51 and 0.74, respectively), although differences decreased over the investigated period. Smaller but in most cases still significant discrepancies were observed for serious injuries. The back injury rate of Western European employees was found especially high, while eye injuries seem to be more frequent among South East Asian workers.
Conclusions
The study identified substantial differences between nationalities in the rate of various accidents reported from merchant ships sailing under the Danish flag. The differences may be attributed to various factors such as safety behaviour. Investigation of special injury types and characterisation of effective elements of safety culture can contribute to the improvement of workplace safety in the maritime sector.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology (London)
Vol/bind9
Udgave nummer35
Sider (fra-til)1-8
ISSN1745-6673
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2014

Fingeraftryk

merchant fleet
Occupational Accidents
nationality
Accidents
accident
Ships
Back Injuries
Eye Injuries
Safety
incidence
Incidence
Wounds and Injuries
Radio
Workplace
Databases
radio
workplace
employee
contact
Personnel

Citer dette

Ádám, Balázs ; Rasmussen, Hanna Barbara ; Nørgaard Fløe Pedersen, Randi ; Jepsen, Jørgen Riis. / Occupational accidents in the Danish merchant fleet and the nationality of seafarers. I: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology (London). 2014 ; Bind 9, Nr. 35. s. 1-8.
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abstract = "Background: The aim of the study was to examine occupational accidents reported from non-passenger merchant ships registered in the Danish International Ship Register in 2010-2012, with a focus on analysing nationality differences in the risk of getting injured in an accident.Methods: Data about notified occupational accidents were collected from notifications sent to the Danish Maritime Authority and from records of contact with Danish Radio Medical. Events were matched by personal identification and accident data to create a unified database. Stratified cumulative time spent on board by seafarers was used tocalculate accident rates. Incidence rates of different nationalities were compared by Poisson regression.Results: Western European seafarers had an overall accident rate of 17.5 per 100000 person-days, which proved to be significantly higher than that of Eastern European, South East Asian and Indian seaman (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.53, 0.51 and 0.74, respectively), although differences decreased over the investigated period. Smaller but in most cases still significant discrepancies were observed for serious injuries. The back injury rate of Western European employees was found especially high, while eye injuries seem to be more frequent among South East Asianworkers.Conclusions: The study identified substantial differences between nationalities in the rate of various accidents reported from merchant ships sailing under the Danish flag. The differences may be attributed to various factors such as safety behaviour. Investigation of special injury types and characterisation of effective elements of safetyculture can contribute to the improvement of workplace safety in the maritime sector.",
author = "Bal{\'a}zs {\'A}d{\'a}m and Rasmussen, {Hanna Barbara} and {N{\o}rgaard Fl{\o}e Pedersen}, Randi and Jepsen, {J{\o}rgen Riis}",
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Occupational accidents in the Danish merchant fleet and the nationality of seafarers. / Ádám, Balázs; Rasmussen, Hanna Barbara; Nørgaard Fløe Pedersen, Randi; Jepsen, Jørgen Riis.

I: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology (London), Bind 9, Nr. 35, 2014, s. 1-8.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Occupational accidents in the Danish merchant fleet and the nationality of seafarers

AU - Ádám, Balázs

AU - Rasmussen, Hanna Barbara

AU - Nørgaard Fløe Pedersen, Randi

AU - Jepsen, Jørgen Riis

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background: The aim of the study was to examine occupational accidents reported from non-passenger merchant ships registered in the Danish International Ship Register in 2010-2012, with a focus on analysing nationality differences in the risk of getting injured in an accident.Methods: Data about notified occupational accidents were collected from notifications sent to the Danish Maritime Authority and from records of contact with Danish Radio Medical. Events were matched by personal identification and accident data to create a unified database. Stratified cumulative time spent on board by seafarers was used tocalculate accident rates. Incidence rates of different nationalities were compared by Poisson regression.Results: Western European seafarers had an overall accident rate of 17.5 per 100000 person-days, which proved to be significantly higher than that of Eastern European, South East Asian and Indian seaman (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.53, 0.51 and 0.74, respectively), although differences decreased over the investigated period. Smaller but in most cases still significant discrepancies were observed for serious injuries. The back injury rate of Western European employees was found especially high, while eye injuries seem to be more frequent among South East Asianworkers.Conclusions: The study identified substantial differences between nationalities in the rate of various accidents reported from merchant ships sailing under the Danish flag. The differences may be attributed to various factors such as safety behaviour. Investigation of special injury types and characterisation of effective elements of safetyculture can contribute to the improvement of workplace safety in the maritime sector.

AB - Background: The aim of the study was to examine occupational accidents reported from non-passenger merchant ships registered in the Danish International Ship Register in 2010-2012, with a focus on analysing nationality differences in the risk of getting injured in an accident.Methods: Data about notified occupational accidents were collected from notifications sent to the Danish Maritime Authority and from records of contact with Danish Radio Medical. Events were matched by personal identification and accident data to create a unified database. Stratified cumulative time spent on board by seafarers was used tocalculate accident rates. Incidence rates of different nationalities were compared by Poisson regression.Results: Western European seafarers had an overall accident rate of 17.5 per 100000 person-days, which proved to be significantly higher than that of Eastern European, South East Asian and Indian seaman (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.53, 0.51 and 0.74, respectively), although differences decreased over the investigated period. Smaller but in most cases still significant discrepancies were observed for serious injuries. The back injury rate of Western European employees was found especially high, while eye injuries seem to be more frequent among South East Asianworkers.Conclusions: The study identified substantial differences between nationalities in the rate of various accidents reported from merchant ships sailing under the Danish flag. The differences may be attributed to various factors such as safety behaviour. Investigation of special injury types and characterisation of effective elements of safetyculture can contribute to the improvement of workplace safety in the maritime sector.

U2 - 10.1186/s12995-014-0035-4

DO - 10.1186/s12995-014-0035-4

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

SP - 1

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JO - Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology (London)

JF - Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology (London)

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