Obesity-Associated Hypermetabolism and Accelerated Senescence of Bone Marrow Stromal Stem Cells Suggest a Potential Mechanism for Bone Fragility

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Resumé

Obesity is associated with increased risk for fragility fractures. However, the cellular mechanisms are unknown. Using a translational approach combining RNA sequencing and cellular analyses, we investigated bone marrow stromal stem cells (BM-MSCs) of 54 men divided into lean, overweight, and obese groups on the basis of BMI. Compared with BM-MSCs obtained from lean, obese BM-MSCs exhibited a shift of molecular phenotype toward committed adipocytic progenitors and increased expression of metabolic genes involved in glycolytic and oxidoreductase activity. Interestingly, compared with paired samples of peripheral adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (AT-MSCs), insulin signaling of obese BM-MSCs was enhanced and accompanied by increased abundance of insulin receptor positive (IR+) and leptin receptor positive (LEPR+) cells in BM-MSC cultures. Their hyper-activated metabolic state was accompanied by an accelerated senescence phenotype. Our data provide a plausible explanation for the bone fragility in obesity caused by enhanced insulin signaling leading to accelerated metabolic senescence of BM-MSCs.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCell Reports
Vol/bind27
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)2050-2062.e6
ISSN2211-1247
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 14. maj 2019

Fingeraftryk

Stem cells
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Bone
Insulin
RNA Sequence Analysis
Insulin Receptor
Leptin Receptors
Stromal Cells
Adipose Tissue
Cell culture
Oxidoreductases
Genes
RNA
Tissue

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title = "Obesity-Associated Hypermetabolism and Accelerated Senescence of Bone Marrow Stromal Stem Cells Suggest a Potential Mechanism for Bone Fragility",
abstract = "Obesity is associated with increased risk for fragility fractures. However, the cellular mechanisms are unknown. Using a translational approach combining RNA sequencing and cellular analyses, we investigated bone marrow stromal stem cells (BM-MSCs) of 54 men divided into lean, overweight, and obese groups on the basis of BMI. Compared with BM-MSCs obtained from lean, obese BM-MSCs exhibited a shift of molecular phenotype toward committed adipocytic progenitors and increased expression of metabolic genes involved in glycolytic and oxidoreductase activity. Interestingly, compared with paired samples of peripheral adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (AT-MSCs), insulin signaling of obese BM-MSCs was enhanced and accompanied by increased abundance of insulin receptor positive (IR+) and leptin receptor positive (LEPR+) cells in BM-MSC cultures. Their hyper-activated metabolic state was accompanied by an accelerated senescence phenotype. Our data provide a plausible explanation for the bone fragility in obesity caused by enhanced insulin signaling leading to accelerated metabolic senescence of BM-MSCs.",
keywords = "adipogenesis, adipose-derived stem cells, bone marrow skeletal stem cells, differentiation potential, insulin signaling, obesity, skeletal fragility",
author = "Michaela Tencerova and Morten Frost and Florence Figeac and Nielsen, {Tina Kamilla} and Dalia Ali and Lauterlein, {Jens Jacob Lindegaard} and Andersen, {Thomas Levin} and Haakonsson, {Anders Kristian} and Alexander Rauch and Madsen, {Jonna Skov} and Charlotte Ejersted and Kurt H{\o}jlund and Moustapha Kassem",
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pages = "2050--2062.e6",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Obesity-Associated Hypermetabolism and Accelerated Senescence of Bone Marrow Stromal Stem Cells Suggest a Potential Mechanism for Bone Fragility

AU - Tencerova, Michaela

AU - Frost, Morten

AU - Figeac, Florence

AU - Nielsen, Tina Kamilla

AU - Ali, Dalia

AU - Lauterlein, Jens Jacob Lindegaard

AU - Andersen, Thomas Levin

AU - Haakonsson, Anders Kristian

AU - Rauch, Alexander

AU - Madsen, Jonna Skov

AU - Ejersted, Charlotte

AU - Højlund, Kurt

AU - Kassem, Moustapha

PY - 2019/5/14

Y1 - 2019/5/14

N2 - Obesity is associated with increased risk for fragility fractures. However, the cellular mechanisms are unknown. Using a translational approach combining RNA sequencing and cellular analyses, we investigated bone marrow stromal stem cells (BM-MSCs) of 54 men divided into lean, overweight, and obese groups on the basis of BMI. Compared with BM-MSCs obtained from lean, obese BM-MSCs exhibited a shift of molecular phenotype toward committed adipocytic progenitors and increased expression of metabolic genes involved in glycolytic and oxidoreductase activity. Interestingly, compared with paired samples of peripheral adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (AT-MSCs), insulin signaling of obese BM-MSCs was enhanced and accompanied by increased abundance of insulin receptor positive (IR+) and leptin receptor positive (LEPR+) cells in BM-MSC cultures. Their hyper-activated metabolic state was accompanied by an accelerated senescence phenotype. Our data provide a plausible explanation for the bone fragility in obesity caused by enhanced insulin signaling leading to accelerated metabolic senescence of BM-MSCs.

AB - Obesity is associated with increased risk for fragility fractures. However, the cellular mechanisms are unknown. Using a translational approach combining RNA sequencing and cellular analyses, we investigated bone marrow stromal stem cells (BM-MSCs) of 54 men divided into lean, overweight, and obese groups on the basis of BMI. Compared with BM-MSCs obtained from lean, obese BM-MSCs exhibited a shift of molecular phenotype toward committed adipocytic progenitors and increased expression of metabolic genes involved in glycolytic and oxidoreductase activity. Interestingly, compared with paired samples of peripheral adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (AT-MSCs), insulin signaling of obese BM-MSCs was enhanced and accompanied by increased abundance of insulin receptor positive (IR+) and leptin receptor positive (LEPR+) cells in BM-MSC cultures. Their hyper-activated metabolic state was accompanied by an accelerated senescence phenotype. Our data provide a plausible explanation for the bone fragility in obesity caused by enhanced insulin signaling leading to accelerated metabolic senescence of BM-MSCs.

KW - adipogenesis

KW - adipose-derived stem cells

KW - bone marrow skeletal stem cells

KW - differentiation potential

KW - insulin signaling

KW - obesity

KW - skeletal fragility

U2 - 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.04.066

DO - 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.04.066

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31091445

AN - SCOPUS:85065169436

VL - 27

SP - 2050-2062.e6

JO - Cell Reports

JF - Cell Reports

SN - 2211-1247

IS - 7

ER -