Nye ord på nye måder: Nyordsdannelse belyst fra et dynamisk sprog- og kognitionssyn

Publikation: AfhandlingPh.d.-afhandling

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Abstract

This dissertation seeks to shed new light upon new word formation (neologism). The aim is to explore and discuss: 1) how people create new words, 2) how people understand new words and 3) how people make use of new words, and thereby first and foremost: how various perspectives on the ‘new word’ as a psychological phenomenon perhaps affords different ontological objects. In my approach, I insist on a holistic approach on human beings as psychological and social organisms, and hence I rely on a dynamic perspective on language and cognition as based upon human interactivity and communication. Traditionally, neologism, or the formation of new words, has at least in Denmark been described almost solely within the linguistic field of lexicography. Yet lexicography rely on retrospective records of written word forms, and tend to describe these exclusively in respect to morphological structure and syntactic paradigm. An approach like that, though, cannot answer the questions above, but more important such an approach cannot account for the dynamic features of human creativity involved in word formation, since these are bound to the situated sign making. The dissertation is divided into four subparts. First part is an introductory discussion of the eligibility of new words (and words in general) as an object of study, and thus how or whether they ought or ought not be justified by a traditional linguistic perspective alone. I open up for a more dynamic perspective on language by introducing the integrationist’s perspective on ‘words’ (Davis: 2001). The second part is concerning the empirical part of my investigation. Since I rely on a dynamic perspective on human language and cognition, my take on ‘new words’ is synchronic and qualitative. In order to investigate how people create, understand and make new words, I need to account for the interactivity of real huamn beings in actual communicative situations involving ‘new words’. Hence, I construed three different case study methodologies: 1) new words in focus groups, 2) a communication experiment including text with new words, and 3) authentic conversation. The third part of the dissertation broadens up and advocate for a dynamic take on communication and linguistic sign making (Harris: 1996, Harris & Hutton: 2007, Linell: 2009) and cognition (Steffensen: 2012, Cowley: 2011). In this discussion, I also touch upon the multisemiotic phenomenology of sign making (Goodwin: 2013) and the relation between the synchronic and the diachronic features of language (with regards to the relation between first order activity and second order construct, Love: 2004, Thibault: 2011). In the fourth part of the dissertation, I end up concluding, that human beings, when creating, understanding, and making use of new words, do not only rely on static mental lexicon and morphological structures, but rather depend their activity in the ecology of the communicative situation.
Bidragets oversatte titelNew words in new ways: Neologisms viewed from a dynamic distributed perspective on language and kognition
OriginalsprogDansk
StatusUdgivet - 3. okt. 2014
Udgivet eksterntJa

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