Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease resulting in degeneration of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Exploratory studies using human foetal tissue or predifferentiated stem cells have suggested that intracerebral transplantation of dopaminergic precursor cells may become an effective treatment for patients with Parkinson's disease. However, strategies for dopaminergic stem cell differentiation vary widely in efficiency, and better methods still need to be developed. Hypoxia Inducible Factor 1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor involved in the regulation of genes important for cellular adaption to hypoxia and low glucose supply. HIF-1 is to a large degree regulated by the availability of oxygen as in its presence, the subunit HIF-1α is degraded by HIF prolyl hydroxylase enzymes (HPHs). Stabilization of HIF-1α through inhibition of HPHs has been shown to increase dopaminergic differentiation of stem cells and to protect dopaminergic neurons against neurotoxins. This study investigated the effects of noncompetitive (FG-0041) and competitive (Compound A and JNJ-42041935) HIF-1α stabilizing compounds on the dopaminergic differentiation of human neural stem cells. Treatment with all HPH inhibitors at high oxygen tension (20%) resulted in HIF-1α stabilization as assessed by immunocytochemistry for HIF-1α and detection of increased levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in the conditioned culture medium. Following 10 days of HIF-1α stabilization, the cultures displayed a slightly reduced proliferative activity and significantly increased relative levels of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive dopaminergic neurons. In conclusion, HIF-1α stabilization may represent a promising strategy for the generation of dopaminergic neurons intended for use in experimental in vitro studies and cell replacement therapies.