Neighbourhood structure and alcohol and other drug use

Implications for prevention

Kim Bloomfield*, Christiane Stock

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

Resumé

While alcohol use among youth has remained relatively stable over the last 10 years, illicit drug use has shown an increase, particularly among Eastern European countries. Factors influencing alcohol and other drug (AOD) use include gender, ethnicity and religious affiliation, personality characteristics, socio-economic status as well as family structure and social networks. While AOD research to date has broadly concentrated on studying such risk factors at the micro- and meso-level, research on the influences of the more remote social environments, the exosystem, such as neighbourhoods still is less common. Research on neighbourhood influences on AOD use has identified factors such as neighbourhood deprivation, neighbourhood disorganisation and disorder, social inequality in the neighbourhood, neighbourhood social norms as well as the availability of AOD as factors influencing use. Overall, one can conclude from this research that several characteristics of neighbourhoods have an impact on AOD use. This influence, however, is modest in comparison to the more proximal predictors of AOD use such as individual factors and the immediate social environment of families and peers. The effects of neighbourhood characteristics on drug use also show conflicting results and suggest a complex interplay between contextual influences, intermediate factors and individual behaviour.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelNeighbourhood Structure and Health Promotion
Antal sider17
ForlagSpringer
Publikationsdato1. aug. 2013
Sider287-303
ISBN (Trykt)1461466717, 9781461466710
ISBN (Elektronisk)9781461466727
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. aug. 2013

Fingeraftryk

drug use
alcohol
drug
meso level
denomination
Social Norms
family structure
social inequality
micro level
deprivation
social network
personality
ethnicity
gender
economics

Citer dette

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Neighbourhood structure and alcohol and other drug use : Implications for prevention. / Bloomfield, Kim; Stock, Christiane.

Neighbourhood Structure and Health Promotion. Springer, 2013. s. 287-303.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

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