MRI of the sacroiliac joints in athletes: recognition of non-specific bone marrow oedema by semi-axial added to standard semi-coronal scans

Ulrich Weber*, Anne Grethe Jurik, Anna Zejden, Ejnar Larsen, Steen Hylgaard Jørgensen, Kaspar Rufibach, Christian Schioldan, Søren Schmidt-Olsen

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

OBJECTIVE: Assessment of combined semi-axial and semi-coronal SI joint MRI in two cohorts of young athletes to explore frequency and topography of non-specific bone marrow oedema (BMO), its association with four constitutional SI joint features, and potential restriction of false-positive assignments of Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society-defined sacroiliitis on standard semi-coronal scans alone.

METHODS: Combined semi-axial and semi-coronal SI joint MRI scans of 20 recreational runners before/after running and 22 elite ice-hockey players were evaluated by three blinded readers for BMO and its association with four constitutional SI joint features: vascular partial volume effect, deep iliac ligament insertion, fluid-filled bone cyst and lumbosacral transitional anomaly. Scans of TNF-treated spondyloarthritis patients served to mask readers. We analysed distribution and topography of BMO and SI joint features across eight anatomical SI joint regions (upper/lower ilium/sacrum, subdivided in anterior/posterior slices) descriptively, as concordantly recorded by ⩾2/3 readers on both MRI planes. BMO confirmed on both scans was compared with previous evaluation of semi-coronal MRI alone, which met the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society definition for active sacroiliitis.

RESULTS: Perpendicular semi-axial and semi-coronal MRI scans confirmed BMO in the SI joint of every fourth young athlete, preferentially in the anterior upper sacrum. BMO associated with four constitutional SI joint features was observed in 20-36% of athletes, clustering in the posterior lower ilium. The proportion of Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society-positive sacroiliitis recorded on the semi-coronal plane alone decreased by 33-56% upon amending semi-axial scans.

CONCLUSION: Semi-axial combined with standard semi-coronal scans in MRI protocols for sacroiliitis facilitated recognition of non-specific BMO, which clustered in posterior lower ilium/anterior upper sacrum.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRheumatology (Oxford, England)
Vol/bind59
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1381-1390
ISSN1462-0324
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2020

Bibliografisk note

© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

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