Moths are not silent, but whisper ultrasonic courtship songs

R Nakano, T Takanashi, T Fujii, N Skals, A Surlykke, Y Ishikawa

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Dec
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Experimental Biology
Vol/bind212
Udgave nummerPt 24
Sider (fra-til)4072-4078
Antal sider6
ISSN0022-0949
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. dec. 2009

Fingeraftryk

Courtship
courtship
Music
song
Ultrasonics
moth
animal communication
moths
ultrasonics
Communication
communication
Crambidae
hearing
Acoustics
Hearing
acoustics
Ostrinia furnacalis
Arctiinae
Geometridae
Noctuidae

Citer dette

Nakano, R., Takanashi, T., Fujii, T., Skals, N., Surlykke, A., & Ishikawa, Y. (2009). Moths are not silent, but whisper ultrasonic courtship songs. Journal of Experimental Biology, 212(Pt 24), 4072-4078. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.032466
Nakano, R ; Takanashi, T ; Fujii, T ; Skals, N ; Surlykke, A ; Ishikawa, Y. / Moths are not silent, but whisper ultrasonic courtship songs. I: Journal of Experimental Biology. 2009 ; Bind 212, Nr. Pt 24. s. 4072-4078.
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title = "Moths are not silent, but whisper ultrasonic courtship songs",
abstract = "Ultrasonic hearing is widespread among moths, but very few moth species have been reported to produce ultrasounds for sexual communication. In those that do, the signals are intense and thus well matched for long distance communication. By contrast, males of the Asian corn borer moth (Crambidae) were recently shown to whisper extremely low-intensity ultrasonic courtship songs close to females. Since low sound levels will prevent eavesdropping by predators, parasites and conspecific rivals, we predicted low intensity ultrasound communication to be widespread among moths. Here we tested 13 species of moths including members of the Noctuidae, Arctiidae, Geometridae and Crambidae. Males of nine species, 70{\%}, produced broadband ultrasound close to females. Peak frequencies ranged from 38 to above 100 kHz. All sounds were of low intensity, 43-76 dB SPL at 1 cm [64+/-10 dB peSPL (mean +/- s.d.), N=9 species]. These quiet and/or hyper-frequency ultrasounds are audible to nearby mates, but inaudible to unintended receivers. Although largely unknown because it is so inconspicuous, acoustic communication using low intensity ultrasound appears to be widespread among hearing moths. Thus, acoustic communication may be the norm rather than the exception.",
author = "R Nakano and T Takanashi and T Fujii and N Skals and A Surlykke and Y Ishikawa",
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Nakano, R, Takanashi, T, Fujii, T, Skals, N, Surlykke, A & Ishikawa, Y 2009, 'Moths are not silent, but whisper ultrasonic courtship songs', Journal of Experimental Biology, bind 212, nr. Pt 24, s. 4072-4078. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.032466

Moths are not silent, but whisper ultrasonic courtship songs. / Nakano, R; Takanashi, T; Fujii, T; Skals, N; Surlykke, A; Ishikawa, Y.

I: Journal of Experimental Biology, Bind 212, Nr. Pt 24, 01.12.2009, s. 4072-4078.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Moths are not silent, but whisper ultrasonic courtship songs

AU - Nakano, R

AU - Takanashi, T

AU - Fujii, T

AU - Skals, N

AU - Surlykke, A

AU - Ishikawa, Y

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - Ultrasonic hearing is widespread among moths, but very few moth species have been reported to produce ultrasounds for sexual communication. In those that do, the signals are intense and thus well matched for long distance communication. By contrast, males of the Asian corn borer moth (Crambidae) were recently shown to whisper extremely low-intensity ultrasonic courtship songs close to females. Since low sound levels will prevent eavesdropping by predators, parasites and conspecific rivals, we predicted low intensity ultrasound communication to be widespread among moths. Here we tested 13 species of moths including members of the Noctuidae, Arctiidae, Geometridae and Crambidae. Males of nine species, 70%, produced broadband ultrasound close to females. Peak frequencies ranged from 38 to above 100 kHz. All sounds were of low intensity, 43-76 dB SPL at 1 cm [64+/-10 dB peSPL (mean +/- s.d.), N=9 species]. These quiet and/or hyper-frequency ultrasounds are audible to nearby mates, but inaudible to unintended receivers. Although largely unknown because it is so inconspicuous, acoustic communication using low intensity ultrasound appears to be widespread among hearing moths. Thus, acoustic communication may be the norm rather than the exception.

AB - Ultrasonic hearing is widespread among moths, but very few moth species have been reported to produce ultrasounds for sexual communication. In those that do, the signals are intense and thus well matched for long distance communication. By contrast, males of the Asian corn borer moth (Crambidae) were recently shown to whisper extremely low-intensity ultrasonic courtship songs close to females. Since low sound levels will prevent eavesdropping by predators, parasites and conspecific rivals, we predicted low intensity ultrasound communication to be widespread among moths. Here we tested 13 species of moths including members of the Noctuidae, Arctiidae, Geometridae and Crambidae. Males of nine species, 70%, produced broadband ultrasound close to females. Peak frequencies ranged from 38 to above 100 kHz. All sounds were of low intensity, 43-76 dB SPL at 1 cm [64+/-10 dB peSPL (mean +/- s.d.), N=9 species]. These quiet and/or hyper-frequency ultrasounds are audible to nearby mates, but inaudible to unintended receivers. Although largely unknown because it is so inconspicuous, acoustic communication using low intensity ultrasound appears to be widespread among hearing moths. Thus, acoustic communication may be the norm rather than the exception.

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DO - 10.1242/jeb.032466

M3 - Journal article

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JO - BRITISH JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY

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Nakano R, Takanashi T, Fujii T, Skals N, Surlykke A, Ishikawa Y. Moths are not silent, but whisper ultrasonic courtship songs. Journal of Experimental Biology. 2009 dec 1;212(Pt 24):4072-4078. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.032466