Morbidity before and after the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism: A nationwide register-based study

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Abstrakt

BACKGROUND: Hyperthyroidism has been linked with different morbidities, like atrial fibrillation, stroke and diabetes mellitus. However, our knowledge regarding the extent and temporal relation between hyperthyroidism and other diseases is fragmented. Here, we aimed at evaluating various morbidities before and after the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.
METHODS: Observational cohort study. From nationwide Danish health registers 2631 hyperthyroid singletons and 375 twin pairs discordant for hyperthyroidism were identified and followed for an average of 6 years (range 0-13). Data on the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, diabetes mellitus, rheumatic diseases and malignant diseases was obtained by person-to-person record linkage with the National Danish Patient Register and/or the Danish National Prescription Registry (lung diseases and diabetes mellitus). Logistic and Cox regression models were used to assess the risk of morbidity before and after the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism, respectively. All Cox regression analyses were adjusted for the degree of co-morbidity preceding the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism, using the Charlson score.
RESULTS: Hyperthyroid individuals had a significantly higher risk of being diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases (odds ratio (OR) 1.65; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.45-1.87), lung diseases (OR 1.53; 95% CI: 1.29-1.60), and diabetes mellitus (OR 1.43, 95% CI: 1.20-1.72), but not with malignant diseases (OR 1.16, 95% CI: 0.99-1.36) prior to the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism. After the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism, subjects had a significantly higher risk of being diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases (hazard ratio (HR) 1.34; 95% CI: 1.15-1.56), lung diseases (HR 1.28; 95% CI: 1.10-1.49), and diabetes mellitus (HR 1.46; 95% CI: 1.16-1.84), but not with rheumatic diseases (HR 1.39, 95% CI: 0.92-2.09) or malignant diseases (HR 1.18, 95% CI 0.97-1.42).
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate a significantly increased burden of morbidity, both before and after the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere66711
TidsskriftPLOS ONE
Vol/bind8
Udgave nummer6
Antal sider6
ISSN1932-6203
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2013

Bibliografisk note

Tilknyttes: Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism

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