Molecular mechanisms associated with leukemic transformation of MPL-mutant myeloproliferative neoplasms

Philip A Beer, Christina A Ortmann, Frank Stegelmann, Paola Guglielmelli, John T Reilly, Thomas Stauffer Larsen, Hans C Hasselbalch, Alessandro M Vannucchi, Peter Möller, Konstanze Döhner, Anthony R Green

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Abstrakt

Somatic activating mutations in MPL, the thrombopoietin receptor, occur in the myeloproliferative neoplasms, although virtually nothing is known about their role in evolution to acute myeloid leukemia. In this study, the MPL T487A mutation, identified in de novo acute myeloid leukemia, was not detected in 172 patients with a myeloproliferative neoplasm. In patients with a prior MPL W515L-mutant myeloproliferative neoplasm, leukemic transformation was accompanied by MPL-mutant leukemic blasts, was seen in the absence of prior cytoreductive therapy and often involved loss of wild-type MPL by mitotic recombination. Moreover, clonal analysis of progenitor colonies at the time of leukemic transformation revealed the presence of multiple genetically distinct but phylogenetically-related clones bearing different TP53 mutations, implying a mutator-phenotype and indicating that leukemic transformation may be preceded by the parallel expansion of diverse hematopoietic clones.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHaematologica
Vol/bind95
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)2153-6
Antal sider4
ISSN0390-6078
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1. dec. 2010

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