Molecular fluorescence enhancement in plasmonic environments: exploring the role of nonlocal effects

Christos Tserkezis, Nikolaos Stefanou, Martijn Wubs, N. Asger Mortensen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Resumé

Molecular spontaneous emission and fluorescence depend strongly on the emitter local environment. Plasmonic nanoparticles provide excellent templates for tailoring fluorophore emission, as they exhibit a potential for both fluorescence enhancement and quenching, depending on emitter positioning in the nanoparticle vicinity. Here we explore the influence of hitherto disregarded nonclassical effects in the description of emitter-plasmon hybrids, focusing on the roles of metal nonlocal response and especially size-dependent plasmon damping. Through extensive modelling of metallic nanospheres and nanoshells coupled to dipole emitters, we show that within a purely classical description a remarkable fluorescence enhancement can be achieved. However, once departing from the local-response approximation, and particularly by implementing the recent generalised nonlocal optical response theory, which provides a more complete physical description combining electron convection and diffusion, we show that not only are fluorescence rates dramatically reduced as compared to the predictions of the local description and the common hydrodynamic Drude model, but the optimum emitter-nanoparticle distance is also strongly affected. In this respect, experimental measurements of fluorescence, the theoretical description of which requires a precise concurrent evaluation of far- and near-field properties of the system, constitute a novel, more sensitive probe for assessing the validity of state-of-the-art nonclassical theories.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNanoscale
Vol/bind8
Sider (fra-til)17532–17541
ISSN2040-3364
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016
Udgivet eksterntJa

Fingeraftryk

Fluorescence
Nanoparticles
Nanoshells
Fluorophores
Nanospheres
Spontaneous emission
Quenching
Hydrodynamics
Damping
Metals
Electrons

Citer dette

Tserkezis, Christos ; Stefanou, Nikolaos ; Wubs, Martijn ; Mortensen, N. Asger. / Molecular fluorescence enhancement in plasmonic environments: exploring the role of nonlocal effects. I: Nanoscale. 2016 ; Bind 8. s. 17532–17541.
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abstract = "Molecular spontaneous emission and fluorescence depend strongly on the emitter local environment. Plasmonic nanoparticles provide excellent templates for tailoring fluorophore emission, as they exhibit a potential for both fluorescence enhancement and quenching, depending on emitter positioning in the nanoparticle vicinity. Here we explore the influence of hitherto disregarded nonclassical effects in the description of emitter-plasmon hybrids, focusing on the roles of metal nonlocal response and especially size-dependent plasmon damping. Through extensive modelling of metallic nanospheres and nanoshells coupled to dipole emitters, we show that within a purely classical description a remarkable fluorescence enhancement can be achieved. However, once departing from the local-response approximation, and particularly by implementing the recent generalised nonlocal optical response theory, which provides a more complete physical description combining electron convection and diffusion, we show that not only are fluorescence rates dramatically reduced as compared to the predictions of the local description and the common hydrodynamic Drude model, but the optimum emitter-nanoparticle distance is also strongly affected. In this respect, experimental measurements of fluorescence, the theoretical description of which requires a precise concurrent evaluation of far- and near-field properties of the system, constitute a novel, more sensitive probe for assessing the validity of state-of-the-art nonclassical theories.",
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Molecular fluorescence enhancement in plasmonic environments: exploring the role of nonlocal effects. / Tserkezis, Christos; Stefanou, Nikolaos; Wubs, Martijn; Mortensen, N. Asger.

I: Nanoscale, Bind 8, 2016, s. 17532–17541.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Molecular fluorescence enhancement in plasmonic environments: exploring the role of nonlocal effects

AU - Tserkezis, Christos

AU - Stefanou, Nikolaos

AU - Wubs, Martijn

AU - Mortensen, N. Asger

N1 - This article is published Open Access as part of the RSC's Gold for Gold initiative, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Molecular spontaneous emission and fluorescence depend strongly on the emitter local environment. Plasmonic nanoparticles provide excellent templates for tailoring fluorophore emission, as they exhibit a potential for both fluorescence enhancement and quenching, depending on emitter positioning in the nanoparticle vicinity. Here we explore the influence of hitherto disregarded nonclassical effects in the description of emitter-plasmon hybrids, focusing on the roles of metal nonlocal response and especially size-dependent plasmon damping. Through extensive modelling of metallic nanospheres and nanoshells coupled to dipole emitters, we show that within a purely classical description a remarkable fluorescence enhancement can be achieved. However, once departing from the local-response approximation, and particularly by implementing the recent generalised nonlocal optical response theory, which provides a more complete physical description combining electron convection and diffusion, we show that not only are fluorescence rates dramatically reduced as compared to the predictions of the local description and the common hydrodynamic Drude model, but the optimum emitter-nanoparticle distance is also strongly affected. In this respect, experimental measurements of fluorescence, the theoretical description of which requires a precise concurrent evaluation of far- and near-field properties of the system, constitute a novel, more sensitive probe for assessing the validity of state-of-the-art nonclassical theories.

AB - Molecular spontaneous emission and fluorescence depend strongly on the emitter local environment. Plasmonic nanoparticles provide excellent templates for tailoring fluorophore emission, as they exhibit a potential for both fluorescence enhancement and quenching, depending on emitter positioning in the nanoparticle vicinity. Here we explore the influence of hitherto disregarded nonclassical effects in the description of emitter-plasmon hybrids, focusing on the roles of metal nonlocal response and especially size-dependent plasmon damping. Through extensive modelling of metallic nanospheres and nanoshells coupled to dipole emitters, we show that within a purely classical description a remarkable fluorescence enhancement can be achieved. However, once departing from the local-response approximation, and particularly by implementing the recent generalised nonlocal optical response theory, which provides a more complete physical description combining electron convection and diffusion, we show that not only are fluorescence rates dramatically reduced as compared to the predictions of the local description and the common hydrodynamic Drude model, but the optimum emitter-nanoparticle distance is also strongly affected. In this respect, experimental measurements of fluorescence, the theoretical description of which requires a precise concurrent evaluation of far- and near-field properties of the system, constitute a novel, more sensitive probe for assessing the validity of state-of-the-art nonclassical theories.

U2 - 10.1039/C6NR06393D

DO - 10.1039/C6NR06393D

M3 - Journal article

VL - 8

SP - 17532

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JO - Nanoscale

JF - Nanoscale

SN - 2040-3364

ER -