Human bone marrow-derived stromal (skeletal) stem cells (BM-hMSC) are being employed in an increasing number of clinical trials for tissue regeneration. A limiting factor for their clinical use is the inability to obtain sufficient cell numbers. Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) can provide an unlimited source of clinical grade cells for therapy. We have generated MSC-like cells from hESC (called here hESC-stromal) that exhibit surface markers and differentiate to osteoblasts and adipocytes, similar to BM-hMSC. In the present study, we used microarray analysis to compare the molecular phenotype of hESC-stromal and immortalised BM-hMSC cells (hMSC-TERT). Of the 7379 genes expressed above baseline, only 9.3% of genes were differentially expressed between undifferentiated hESC-stromal and BM-hMSC. Following ex vivo osteoblast induction, 665 and 695 genes exhibited >. 2-fold change (FC) in hESC-stromal and BM-hMSC, respectively with 172 genes common to both cell types. Functional annotation of significantly changing genes revealed similarities in gene ontology between the two cell types. Interestingly, genes in categories of cell adhesion/motility and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were highly enriched in hESC-stromal whereas genes associated with cell cycle processes were enriched in hMSC-TERT. This data suggests that while hESC-stromal cells exhibit a similar molecular phenotype to hMSC-TERT, differences exist that can be explained by ontological differences between these two cell types. hESC-stromal cells can thus be considered as a possible alternative candidate cells for hMSC, to be employed in regenerative medicine protocols.
- article *bone marrow cell cell adhesion cell cycle progression *cell immortalization cell motility controlled study embryo *embryonic stem cell epithelial mesenchymal transition ex vivo study gene expression gene ontology human human cell immortalized cell line *molecular dynamics osteoblast phenotype priority journal regenerative medicine *stroma cell
Harkness, L., Twine, N. A., Abu Dawud, R., Jafari, A., Aldahmash, A., Wilkins, M. R., Adjaye, J., & Kassem, M. (2015). Molecular characterisation of stromal populations derived from human embryonic stem cells: Similarities to immortalised bone marrow derived stromal stem cells. Bone Reports, 3, 32-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bonr.2015.07.002