Model-Based Actuator Fault Diagnosis in Multirotor UAVs

Agus Hasan*, Tor Arne Johansen

*Kontaktforfatter for dette arbejde

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review

Resumé

This paper presents actuator fault diagnosis for multirotor UAVs based on a cascade of a nonlinear Thau observer and a linearized Kalman filter. An example of actuator fault is when one or more rotors fail to deliver the required thrust to stabilize the UAVs. To simplify the presentation, we present a standard model for a quadcopter derived from Newton-Euler equation. The nonlinear model is locally Lips-chitz due to the cross and dot products between the angular and linear velocity vectors. The adaptive observer is designed assuming the angular velocity measurement is available, such that the model becomes linear time-varying (LTV). We show if the fault is constant then the observer goes to the actual value asymptotically, while if the fault is time-varying then the difference between the observer and the actual value will only be uniformly ultimately bounded. The proposed algorithm enables the system to detect, isolate, and estimate the magnitude of the faults. Numerical simulations show the proposed method able to estimate the state and the fault accurately.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Titel2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018
ForlagIEEE
Publikationsdatosep. 2018
Sider1017-1024
Artikelnummer8453420
ISBN (Trykt)978-1-5386-1353-5
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-1-5386-1354-2
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2018
Begivenhed2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018 - Dallas, USA
Varighed: 12. jun. 201815. jun. 2018

Konference

Konference2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018
LandUSA
ByDallas
Periode12/06/201815/06/2018

Fingeraftryk

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)
Failure analysis
Actuators
Euler equations
Angular velocity
Angle measurement
Kalman filters
Velocity measurement
Rotors
Computer simulation

Citer dette

Hasan, A., & Johansen, T. A. (2018). Model-Based Actuator Fault Diagnosis in Multirotor UAVs. I 2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018 (s. 1017-1024). [8453420] IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUAS.2018.8453420
Hasan, Agus ; Johansen, Tor Arne. / Model-Based Actuator Fault Diagnosis in Multirotor UAVs. 2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018. IEEE, 2018. s. 1017-1024
@inproceedings{497ff3e979d74cc199fbe2e14e416830,
title = "Model-Based Actuator Fault Diagnosis in Multirotor UAVs",
abstract = "This paper presents actuator fault diagnosis for multirotor UAVs based on a cascade of a nonlinear Thau observer and a linearized Kalman filter. An example of actuator fault is when one or more rotors fail to deliver the required thrust to stabilize the UAVs. To simplify the presentation, we present a standard model for a quadcopter derived from Newton-Euler equation. The nonlinear model is locally Lips-chitz due to the cross and dot products between the angular and linear velocity vectors. The adaptive observer is designed assuming the angular velocity measurement is available, such that the model becomes linear time-varying (LTV). We show if the fault is constant then the observer goes to the actual value asymptotically, while if the fault is time-varying then the difference between the observer and the actual value will only be uniformly ultimately bounded. The proposed algorithm enables the system to detect, isolate, and estimate the magnitude of the faults. Numerical simulations show the proposed method able to estimate the state and the fault accurately.",
author = "Agus Hasan and Johansen, {Tor Arne}",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1109/ICUAS.2018.8453420",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-5386-1353-5",
pages = "1017--1024",
booktitle = "2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018",
publisher = "IEEE",
address = "United States",

}

Hasan, A & Johansen, TA 2018, Model-Based Actuator Fault Diagnosis in Multirotor UAVs. i 2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018., 8453420, IEEE, s. 1017-1024, 2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018, Dallas, USA, 12/06/2018. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUAS.2018.8453420

Model-Based Actuator Fault Diagnosis in Multirotor UAVs. / Hasan, Agus; Johansen, Tor Arne.

2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018. IEEE, 2018. s. 1017-1024 8453420.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference-proceedingKonferencebidrag i proceedingsForskningpeer review

TY - GEN

T1 - Model-Based Actuator Fault Diagnosis in Multirotor UAVs

AU - Hasan, Agus

AU - Johansen, Tor Arne

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - This paper presents actuator fault diagnosis for multirotor UAVs based on a cascade of a nonlinear Thau observer and a linearized Kalman filter. An example of actuator fault is when one or more rotors fail to deliver the required thrust to stabilize the UAVs. To simplify the presentation, we present a standard model for a quadcopter derived from Newton-Euler equation. The nonlinear model is locally Lips-chitz due to the cross and dot products between the angular and linear velocity vectors. The adaptive observer is designed assuming the angular velocity measurement is available, such that the model becomes linear time-varying (LTV). We show if the fault is constant then the observer goes to the actual value asymptotically, while if the fault is time-varying then the difference between the observer and the actual value will only be uniformly ultimately bounded. The proposed algorithm enables the system to detect, isolate, and estimate the magnitude of the faults. Numerical simulations show the proposed method able to estimate the state and the fault accurately.

AB - This paper presents actuator fault diagnosis for multirotor UAVs based on a cascade of a nonlinear Thau observer and a linearized Kalman filter. An example of actuator fault is when one or more rotors fail to deliver the required thrust to stabilize the UAVs. To simplify the presentation, we present a standard model for a quadcopter derived from Newton-Euler equation. The nonlinear model is locally Lips-chitz due to the cross and dot products between the angular and linear velocity vectors. The adaptive observer is designed assuming the angular velocity measurement is available, such that the model becomes linear time-varying (LTV). We show if the fault is constant then the observer goes to the actual value asymptotically, while if the fault is time-varying then the difference between the observer and the actual value will only be uniformly ultimately bounded. The proposed algorithm enables the system to detect, isolate, and estimate the magnitude of the faults. Numerical simulations show the proposed method able to estimate the state and the fault accurately.

U2 - 10.1109/ICUAS.2018.8453420

DO - 10.1109/ICUAS.2018.8453420

M3 - Article in proceedings

SN - 978-1-5386-1353-5

SP - 1017

EP - 1024

BT - 2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018

PB - IEEE

ER -

Hasan A, Johansen TA. Model-Based Actuator Fault Diagnosis in Multirotor UAVs. I 2018 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2018. IEEE. 2018. s. 1017-1024. 8453420 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUAS.2018.8453420